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retrofitting

Passive retrofitting of office buildings: the office project.

OFFICE is a research project partly funded by the CEC dealing with the passive retrofitting of office buildings to improve their energy performance and indoor working conditions. The project is coordinated by the University of Athens with the participation of organizations and research institutes from eight European countries. The aim of the project is to develop global retrofitting strategies, tools and design guidelines in order to promote successful and cost effective implementation of passive solar and energy efficient retrofitting measures to office buildings.

Examination of low energy retrofit measures in European office buildings.

This paper describes the methodology used in the Design and Evaluation Group in the project OFFICE - Passive Retrofitting of Office Buildings to Improve their Energy Performance and Indoor Working Conditions' funded by the European Commission under the JOULE III Programme. The objectives of the OFFICE project are to promote passive solar and energy efficient retrofitting measures in office buildings.

Energy and comfort orientated retrofitting of an office building.

A comprehensive concept for an energie and comfort orientated retrofitting is realised for an office high rise building ,,BS 4" (on campus at Braunschweig Technical University). This master plan will take the form of a research and developement projekt; a pilot realisation will be carried out on the 10th floor.

Retrofit demonstration in Brazilian commercial and public buildings.

In order to help the development of energy efficiency building standard in Brazil , to demonstrate state of art technologies and to encourage the use of hourly energy simulation tools the National Energy Conservation Program (PROCEL) has started the "6 Cities Project". The project is being developed in six cities around the country. For this project a standard methodology was developed and applied. The methodology consists of a survey in the local utilities to establish the highest energy consumers in the commercial and public sector.

The design and implementation of the first low-income, shared-savings weatherization program: a Wisconsin pilot program.

In 1997 the State of Wisconsin began searching for low-income programs that were innovative in their approach and which offered the potential to improve or expand program delivery. TecMRKT Works responded to this call with an RFP to implement the first shared-savings pilot weatherization program in the United States. This paper describes the program being tested in Wisconsin and presents some of the early "lessons learned".

Measured energy savings of a comprehensive retrofit in an existing Florida residence.

Simulation analysis suggests that electricity consumption can be reduced up to 40% in existing Florida homes. To test this theory, an all-electric home was located in Miami, Florida upon which to perform a variety of retrofits. The total annual electricity consumption in the one year base-line period preceding the study was 20,733 kWh. Detailed instrumentation and metering equipment was installed in May of 1 995 so that each energy end-use could be evaluated.

Energy savings from a comprehensive multi-family DHW retrofit program.

This paper documents the experimental results and energy savings estimate from an end-use and water metering study of a sample of 104 multi-family sites. These sites were treated with a comprehensive Domestic Hot Water (DHW) retrofit consisting of flow efficient 2.0 GPM showerheads, kitchen and bath aerators, tank thermostat setback to 130°F, and a tank wrap if necessary. These measurements were modeled by a regression model with variables for occupancy, setback degree, and delta flow at the primary showerhead.

Ventilation, humidity, and energy impacts of uncontrolled airflow in a light commercial building.

A small commercial building was monitored before and after energy-saving retrofits to study the impact of retrofits upon ventilation rates, humidity, building pressure, and air-conditioning energy use. Duct airtightness testing identified severe duct leakage as a significant source of uncontrolled airflow. Differential pressure and infiltration measurements using tracer gas indicated an attic exhaust fan as another significant source of uncontrolled airflow. Duct repair resulted in a 31% drop (30.5 kWh/day) in cooling energy and an increase in relative humidity from 72% to 76%.

The effects of varying indoor air temperature and heat gain on the measurement of retrofit savings.

Many methods of estimating energy savings from measured weather-dependent energy consumption data attempt to compensate for varying weather conditions between the pre- and post-retrofit periods by identifying an empirical model of pre-retrofit energy consumption and outdoor air temperature. Even though the pre-retrofit model may include a balance-point or change-point temperature, savings determined using this method implicitly assume that the indoor air set-point temperature and internal heat gains are the same during the pre- and post-retrofit periods.

Retrofit of existing housing stock. A feasibility case study.

lsrael not unlike other Mediterranean country , experienced a housing construction boom in the 1950s and 1960s. Many projects from that period are currently undergoing renovation and refurbishment. This study reviewed the thermal characteristics of such projects and evaluated the current refurbishment practices vis-a- vis a combined effort including retrofit. Different solutions for a specific case study were evaluated.

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