The calculation of air infiltration rates caused by wind and stack action for tall buildings.

Developes a simple procedure for calculating exterior wall pressure differences and air infiltration rates for various wind velocites and direction by applying the pressure data obtained from a wind tunnel model study to a computer model building. Gives separate expressions for air infiltration caused by stack action and by wind and an expression for the combined effect. Gives example of infiltration calculations compared with computer results and finds good agreement.

Air infiltration model for residences.

Treats development of generalised model of hourly air infiltration in residences. Describes its testing. Uses tracer gas measurements of infiltration in 9 research residences inColumbus, Ohio, under widely varying weather conditions. Estimates various linear and physical models against 7000 measurements. Measures and correlates weather parameters. Correlation coefficients ranged around 0.9 with an error between 0.1 to 0.36 air changes. presents Fortran algorithm.

Calculation of infiltration and transmission heat loss in residential buildings by computer.

States that current methods of estimating heat demand of buildings are very inaccurate, and so large safety margins are used which usually result in overestimating the necessary heating plant capacity. Describes computer program developed to improve the accuracy of heat demand calculations. Gives formulae used in the program for calculating heat demand, pressure conditions and air flow within the building. Gives example of the use of the program to calculate the effect of wind on an eight-storey residential building.

Effect of fluctuating wind pressures on natural ventilation.

Describes research project which aimed to quantify the difference between actual dynamic ventilation rates and natural ventilation rates predicted using a steady state model. 

Building pressures caused by chimney action and mechanical ventilation

Gives the results of an analytical study of the distribution of pressure differences caused by chimney action in buildings. Gives results of the way in which the pressure differences are affected by various arrangements of excess supply and exhaust air. Suggest ways of controlling stack effect, by pressurization.

A comparison of computed infiltration rates with results obtained from a set of full-scale measurements.

Presents results obtained from a digital analogue method of calculating infiltration rates in building. The results are compared with a set of full-scale observations carried out by G.T.Tamura and A.G. Wilson. (abstract no.192). Finds that calculated and full-scale results give good agreement in terms of the rate of change of air infiltration rate with wind speed and that both show that total infiltration rate is more sensitive to wind speed than wind direction.

Digital analogue for natural ventilation calculations.

Describes a computer program written in 1900 fortran which is suitable for computing natural ventilation rates in multi-storey buildings. Lists the assumptions made, the data requirements and output available. Gives a print-out of the program.

Experimental studies on natural ventilation.

Analyses theoretically the natural ventilation of buildings. Derives fundamental formula for the amount of ventilation due to temperature difference from Bernouilli's theorem considering buoyancy. Explains physical meaning of friction loss and theneutral zone, derives pressure distribution due to wind from the shape of buildings and the location of openings. Obtains total expression for amount of ventilation due to both temperature difference and wind.

Studies on exterior wall air tightness and air infiltration of tall buildings.

Reports on the air leakage characteristics of the exterior walls of eight multi-storey office buildings in Ottawa. Results of the measurements taken are given and a method for calculating infiltration rates caused by stack action has been developed andis applied to heat loss calculations using the measured wall leakage values.

The neutral zone in ventilation

Gives theoretical discussion of the neutral zone in ventilation. Shows that the pressure difference tending to cause flow at any opening is proportional to the vertical distance of that opening from the neutral zone and that the amount of air that may be passed by a given opening is proportional to the square root of the vertical distance of that opening from the neutral zone.Discusses the position of the neutral zone in a building which is governed by the relative amount of opening at top and bottom and by the inside to outside temperature difference at different levels.