Ensuring desired natural ventilation rate by means of optimized openings

Since naturally ventilated buildings respond to site conditions and microclimate, there is no ”one set of spe-cific criteria” for every naturally ventilated building. So natural ventilation should be optimized to deal with ther-mal comfort in passive buildings during hot season.

Numerical simulations of the natural ventilation design mix of elementary school classrooms

Most traditional elementary school classrooms here do not have air-conditioners and it often feel stuffy in classrooms located in the top floors. In addition, traditional classrooms widely have noise problem  so do the open educational classrooms. If the windows and doors are closed to reduce noise, it will result in the phenomenon of stuffiness, which largely prevents the external air entering the room.

Coupled Analytical Tool of Ventilation Calculation and CFD in Annexation System of Cool/Heat Tube and Natural Ventilation

Natural ventilation airflow rate is generally calculated using indoor and outdoor temperature difference without consideration of heat balance based on the vertical air temperature distribution in simple analytical method.

Predicting natural ventilation in a two-zone building driven by combined forces

Natural ventilation relies on less controllable natural forces so that it needs more artificial control, and thus its prediction, design and analysis become more important. This paper presents both theoretical and numerical simulations for predicting the natural ventilation flow in a two-zone building with multiple openings which is subjected to the combined natural forces. To our knowledge, this is the first analytical solutions obtained so far for a building with more than one zones and in each zone with possibly more than 2 openings.

Integration of a multizone airflow model into a thermal simulation program

An existing computer model for dynamic hygrothermal analysis of buildings has been extended with a multizone airflow model based on loop equations to account for the coupled thermal and airflow in natural and hybrid ventilated buildings. In water distribution network and related fields loop equations have been widely used to resolve the flow of water and other fluids. In the field of natural ventilation the loop equation method have rarely been used in spite of its quality.

The impact of traffic-related pollutant on indoor air quality in buildings near main roads

Traffic–related pollutant has been recognized as an air pollution hot spot due to its large emission rate and great health impacts for the exposed population. In the present investigation, a computational fluid dynamics technique is used to evaluate the effect of traffic pollutions on indoor air quality of a naturally ventilated building. The transport of street-level nonreactive pollutants emitted from motor vehicles into the indoor environment is simulated using the RNG k-ε model of the turbulent flows and the pollutant transport equations.

Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of natural ventilation in high-rise apartment buildings

Quantification of natural ventilation rates is an important issue in HVAC system design. Natural ventilation in buildings depends on many parameters whose uncertainty varies significantly, and hence the results from a standard deterministic simulation approach could be unreliable.

Buoyancy-driven natural ventilation of a room with large openings

The buoyancy-driven natural ventilation of a room with large lower and higher level openings is investigated by both theoretical analysis and CFD simulation. Pressure-based formulae are developed for the prediction of the height of neutral plane and airflow rate, and three different flow modes are identified according to the position of the neutral level: (I) when the neutral height is at intermediate level of the lower opening; (II) when the neutral height has no intersection with openings; (III) when the neutral height is at the intermediate level of the higher opening.

Effect of natural ventilation and wind direction on the thermal performance of a building ceiling

Natural ventilation is rapidly becoming a significant part in the design strategy of buildings in situations where electricity is scare or non-existent and saving energy becomes highly important. The aim of present work is to reduce the ceiling temperature by natural ventilation through different opening locations (one window in the front façade and the other window in the rear wall) with sill height ratio of 0.27, 0.36, 0.45, 0.54, and 0.63.

The performance analysis of natural ventilation for building cooling in Changsha city, China

As a passive cooling strategy, natural ventilation is an energy conservation technology with great developing potential. The typical technologies of natural ventilation include night ventilation and natural ventilation with heat storing materials. The factors which affect ventilation include technique parameter, climate parameter and building’s parameter. The natural ventilation in summer in a typical building in Changsha City, which locates in hot summer and cold winter area, was measured.