Reducing energy consumption in an existing shopping centre using natural ventilation

The energy consumption needed for establishing a good indoor climate in shopping centres is often very high due to high internal heat loads from lighting and equipment and from a high people density at certain time intervals. This heat surplus result in a need for cooling during most of the year, typically also during the winter, and often the needed cooling is provided by a mechanical ventilation system with integrated mechanical cooling.

Hybrid ventilation – the ventilation concept in the future school buildings?

Hybrid ventilation (HV), as a combination of automated natural ventilation (NV) and balanced mechanical ventilation (MV), provides opportunities to use the advantages of both ventilation systems during the seasons in order to reduce energy demand and at the same time obtain comfortable indoor climate.

Strategies for controlling thermal comfort in a Danish low energy building: System configuration and results from 2 years of measurements

The thermal comfort of the residential building Home for Life is investigated with a particular focus on the strategies used to achieve good thermal comfort, and the role of solar shading and natural ventilation. Home for Life was completed in 2009 as one of six buildings in the Model Home 2020 project. It has very generous daylight conditions, and is designed to be energy neutral with a good indoor environment.

Ventilated courtyard as a passive cooling strategy in the hot desert climate

Traditional architecture gives ideas to enrich modern architecture. In traditional architecture, local materials and renewable energy resources have been used. The courtyard was one of the traditional architecture solutions as a climate modifier. The inclusion of an internal courtyard in buildings design is attributed to the optimization of natural ventilation in order to minimize indoor overheating conditions.

A Proposal of Hybrid Ventilation System Using Stack Effect in High-rise Buildings

This study proposes the hybrid ventilation system and its design methods for high-rise buildings. The proposed hybrid ventilation system uses natural driving power for ventilation based on air flow in the whole building and indoor and outdoor pressure distributions. Furthermore, it solves the troubles of the conventional natural or mechanical ventilation systems. This paper presents theories and a process for duct design for natural ventilation which forms the basis of a hybrid ventilation system in high-rise buildings.

The effect of ventilation rates and window areas on building energy use

Natural ventilation is an effective method for energy conservation while potentially improving indoor air quality. Furthermore, a window has a significant impact on energy consumption. The purpose of this study is to reduce building energy use by changing ventilation rates and window areas. We analyzed the energy consumption and CO2 emissions according to ventilation rates and window areas through using a computer program, HEED 3.0. The reference model had two windows of 1.2m×1.5m, and assumed there was no ventilation except for the minimum ventilation rate of 0.35 ACH.

Thermal Environment Generated by Occupant’s Opening Control of Window at Naturally Ventilated Building

A field survey in a natural ventilated school building was carried out. The purpose of this study is to figure out the occupant’s evaluation of thermal comfort as the result of opening control, which seems to be affected by the outdoor and indoor air condition.

Natural Ventilation in Thai Hospitals: A Field Study

Natural ventilation has been appraised as the main strategy in environmental control of airborne infection in resource-limited healthcare facilities. While natural ventilation offers a low-cost alternative in diluting and removing contaminated air, its’ performance in actual settings is not fully understood. This paper reports a cross-sectional field study of six hospitals in Thailand with an emphasis on ventilation performance of naturally-ventilated hospital wards and AII rooms. The results showed that ventilation rates of 3-26 ACH could be achieved in hospital wards.

The climatic potential for a double skin facade integrated with cross ventilation

When it comes to natural ventilation performance for large space cooling during summer time or intermediate seasons, double skin facade(DSF) integrated with cross ventilation(CV) exhibits more energy efficiency than single-side ventilated DSF. In this case, ventilation performance is remarkably affected by climatic conditions. Therefore, it is important to analyze micro climatic conditions before applying this passive technique.

Influence of natural ventilation usage on cooling energy consumption and cooling capacity of an air conditioner

In Japan, natural ventilation through large openings has been used for cooling in summer and medium season. However, air conditioner has become popular recently, because it is hot and humid in summer in most parts of Japan. It causes cooling energy consumption to rise continuously. Nowadays, as global warming has become a serious problem, natural ventilation has been considered as a key method for cooling energy conservation. However, there is insufficient knowledge of natural ventilation effectiveness on cooling energy conservation quantitatively.