Experimental Quantification of Air Volume Flow by Natural Ventilation through Window Opening

In this paper, a new mathematical model was developed experimentally to quantify the air volume flow by natural ventilation through window tilt opening. The experiment was carried out with two test facades in a laboratory building in Aachen, Germany. The test facades are equipped with windows in two different dimensions, and they are located under real weather conditions. The modelling data were determined by means of more than 70 tracer gas measurements with CO2.

IAQ Assessment in Higher Education Classrooms with Natural Ventilation during the Cold Season

Indoor air quality (IAQ) control in educative centres, where students spend most of their time, is essential. The presence of high levels of contaminants can impact the academic performance of the students and, ultimately, their health. A study has been carried out to assess the IAQ of higher education classrooms with natural ventilation in order to quantify the exposure of the occupants to certain contaminants during the cold season. CO2, PM10, PM2.5, PM1.0, and volatile organic compounds (VOC) have been measured.

Modeling the Effectiveness of Portable Air Cleaners with Open Windows

Portable air cleaners have demonstrated their effectiveness in reducing indoor PM concentrations. Common rating systems assume the air cleaner is in a room having limited air exchange with ambient air and the rest of the building. In this analysis, we model conditions in which people operate air cleaners in rooms with some natural ventilation. METHODS: A simplified mass balance model was developed for a 50 m3 room within a 350 m3 home, assuming well-mixed spaces, homogeneous infiltration, and applying the LBLX ventilation model.

Archetypes of public secondary schools in Mediterranean climate. Indoor air quality and comfort field studies

Climate change is a growing global concern and building stock, in particular, is responsible for the emission of greenhouse gases, largely due to its poor energy efficiency. This problem is especially serious in educational buildings, where it is necessary to encourage energy efficient retrofitting under the parameters of nearly Zero Energy Building (nZEB), an objective which in Europe has been set for 2050. This is expected to produce economic, energy saving, hygrothermal comfort and health-safety benefits.

Relationship Between IAQ And Indoor Temperatures Of Different Dwellings In A Temperate Climate During A Pandemic Summer

This paper investigates the relationship between indoor air quality (IAQ) and overheating in a temperate climate in Spain (Cfb attending to Koppen-Ggeiger classification), in dwellings located in residential buildings and without cooling systems.

Climate correlation model to identify thermal comfort and IAQ strategies in naturally ventilated residential buildings

Occupants in residential buildings usually control natural ventilation through window openings. However, few studies have developed simple rules based on the outdoor weather forecast that can inform the occupants to predict the indoor condition by applying natural ventilation for thermal comfort and indoor air quality (IAQ). This paper describes a model based on indoor/outdoor correlations, derived through simulations using EnergyPlus and CONTAM, to help occupants maintain internal environmental quality manually or through simple controls.

Assessing natural ventilation strategies to improve thermal resilience to extreme temperatures of the residential buildings in Barcelona

In future years the frequency, duration and magnitude of extreme heat events, such as heat waves, is expected to increase due to climate change. The population is exposed to higher thermal discomfort and risk at home and, at the same time, high external temperatures make it more difficult to cool their household through natural ventilation.

In order to propose adaptive measures, research should first assess the thermal resilience of the existing residential buildings when exposed to prolonged heat stress. Poorly insulated and non-equipped buildings typical of Southern

Validation of EnergyPlus thermal simulation of a double skin naturally and mechanically ventilated test cell

This paper presents a thermal simulation validation study of the typical precision that a trained thermal simulation engineer can expect to obtain for the simulation of a room connected to a naturally ventilated double skin facade. The open source building thermal simulation tool EnergyPlus is used to predict air and surface temperatures in a free running weather exposed test cell.