A literature study is presented on the theories and models dealing with buoyancy-driven ventilation in rooms. The models are categorised into four types according to how the physical process is conceived: column model, fan model, neutral plane model and pressure model. These models are analysed and compared with a reference model. Discrepancies and differences are shown, and the deviations are discussed. It is concluded that a reliable buoyancy model based solely on the fundamental flow equations is desirable.
Semi-Empirical Models for Buoyancy-Driven Ventilation - A Literature Study
The International Journal of Ventilation, Vol. 14 N°1, June 2015