A mathematical model for a house integrated with an elevated Chinese Kang heating system

Chinese kang, a potentially energy-efficient domestic heating system in China, uses high thermal mass to store surplus heat from the stove during cooking and releases it later for space heating. In this paper a preliminary mathematical model is developed for a House Integrated with an Elevated Kang system (HIEK). This model considers the transient thermal behaviors of building envelope, kang system and indoor air. The macroscopic approach is used to model the thermal and airflow process for the elevated kang system.

Natural ventilation in hospital wards of semi-arid climates: a case for acceptable indoor air quality and patients’ health

Owing to the growing concern about indoor air quality (IAQ) globally in hospitals, especially after the recent outbreak of diseases like severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Swine Flu (H1N1) and other airborne infections such as Tuberculosis, the quest for energy efficient ventilation system is growing. To provide acceptable indoor air quality that is capable of removing indoor air contaminants in hospital wards, sustainable ventilation strategy is required.

Double-skin system of room-side air gap applied to detached house (Part 2): Simulation analysis to reduce cooling load through natural ventilation in wall

In Japan, wooden detached residential houses are common; the wood components within a wall may undergo decay because of condensation in the wall or flushing defects, which can be a concern. The temperature distribution throughout the house, such as a high temperature in the attic space, can cause discomfort to the occupants. A double-skin system of room-side air gaps is considered to be an effective technique to handle these problems.

Field Investigation of the Thermal Performance of a Thai Modern Façade Wall

This paper reports on an investigation of the natural ventilation and heat gain reduction of a new façade design referred to as the Thai modern façade (TMF). Two configurations were considered namely: Thai modern façade wall (TMF) and Thai modern façade wall with fin (TMF-WF). The first (TMF) was composed of two layers which consisted of an inner layer of clear glass and an outer layer consisting of a combination of fibre cement and clear glass slats. The second configuration TMF-WF included an external layer made from aluminium fins and installed at the front of the outer layer.

Acoustical and Airflow Performance of Interior Natural Ventilation Openings and Silencers - Optimisation and Application

There is a need for a greater understanding of the acoustical and airflow performance of interior openings, and of silencers implemented to improve their acoustical performance, in naturally ventilated buildings. This paper discusses preliminary, fundamental aspects of a study done to provide engineers and architects with optimal design techniques. It discusses the characterization of ventilator performance, including the definition of the open area ratio - a combined acoustical and airflow performance-optimisation metric.

Increased Natural Ventilation Flow Rates through Ventilation Shafts

Buoyancy-driven natural ventilation in ventilation shafts is investigated with a small scale physical experiment within a duct and CFD simulations of an office building. For a fixed exhaust opening, smaller shafts lead to higher flow rates in upper floors of a multi-storey building with a shared ventilation shaft. These higher flow rates are caused by increased vertical momentum within the smaller shafts that induce flow through upper floors, an effect referred to as the “ejector effect”.

Indoor air and thermal environment of environmental friendly house by passive design in Japan

In recent years, with actualization of a global warming issue, the need for simultaneous pursuit of progress of comfort in living space at residential house and energy saving is now becoming greater and greater. In this study, we investigated the indoor thermal environment and air distribution by natural ventilation at earth sweet home in summer, middle and winter seasons in Japan. This house is designed so that the effect of natural ventilation may become high. We report the results with focus on the effects of indoor thermal and air environment by opening window in middle season.

Impact of climate change on indoor thermal comfort of naturally ventilated public residential buildings in Singapore

Public residential buildings in Singapore are designed as naturally ventilated. As climate changes, the indoor thermal comfort becomes critical as it depends greatly on the outdoor weather condition. The Predicted Mean Vote (PMV) model developed for Singapore (Givoni, et al., 2006) which depends on indoor air temperature and air speed is used to predict the indoor thermal comfort.

Improvement of summer comfort by passive cooling with increased ventilation and night cooling

The present study describes the potential improvement of summer comfort and reduction of energy consumption that can be achieved by adopting passive cooling solutions, such as daytime comfort ventilation with increased air velocities and night cooling, in domestic buildings. By means of the IDA ICE based software EIC Visualizer, the performances of ten ventilation and cooling strategies have been tested in four different climatic zones across Europe (Athens, Rome, Berlin and Copenhagen).

Natural ventilation strategy potential analysis in an existing school building

Natural ventilation is increasingly considered a promising solution to improve thermal comfort in buildings, including schools. However in order to support its planning and implementation, quantitative analysis on airflow paths and heat-airflow building interactions are needed. This requires an adequate accounting of both internal effects, from building layout and structure, and external forcings from atmospheric factors.