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Multiple Flow Regimes in Stack Ventilation of Multi-Storey Atrium Buildings

Passive stack ventilation is a key feature of sustainable building design and has particular potential for use in tall, multi-storey buildings. However, natural ventilation flows through multiply connected spaces may not behave as expected. Recirculation of air through occupied parts of the building and bidirectional exchange flows at ventilation outlets may compromise the intended ventilation scheme resulting in an uncomfortable indoor environment.

Computational Analysis of Wind-Driven Natural Ventilation in a Two Sided Rectangular Wind Catcher

Wind catchers are natural ventilation systems attached to buildings in order to ventilate the indoor air. In order to design and evaluate the performance of wind catchers, as a natural ventilation system, an accurate CFD simulation of indoor airflow and outdoor wind flow is fundamental. It is widely known that there are a large number of computational parameters influencing CFD simulations. Consequently, comprehensive sensitivity analyses of the effect of these parameters on the simulation results are essential to provide guidance for the evaluation of a CFD study.

The Impact of Urban Wind Environments on Natural Ventilation

The aim of this paper is to illustrate the impact of urban wind environments when assessing the availability of natural ventilation. A numerical study of urban airflow for a complex of five building blocks located at the University of Reading, UK is presented. The computational fluid dynamics software package ANSYS was used to simulate six typical cases of urban wind environments and to assess the potential for natural ventilation. The study highlights the impact of three typical architectural forms (street canyons, semi-enclosures and courtyards) on the local wind environment.

A Modelling Study of Segmentation of Naturally Ventilated Tall Office Buildings in a Hot and Humid Climate

The prevailing paradigm in indoor environment control of office buildings often excludes natural ventilation, due to the fact that its dynamic nature may not be compatible with the close control of mechanical conditioning systems. Due to the potential magnitudes of wind and buoyancy forces in tall buildings, the challenges are greater. This research is concerned with the prospect of purely naturally ventilated tall office buildings. The naturally available driving forces of wind and buoyancy are investigated separately or in combination.

Exploiting a Hybrid Environmental Design Strategy in the Continental Climate of Beijing

The built environment in China is required to achieve a 50% reduction in carbon emissions by 2020 against the 1980 design standard. A particular challenge is how to maintain acceptable comfort conditions through the hot humid summers and cold desiccating winters of its continental climate regions. Fully air-conditioned sealed envelopes, often fully glazed, are becoming increasingly common in these regions.

An Experimental Investigation of Natural Ventilators for Improving Indoor Air Quality

Based on the theoretical and experimental studies of natural ventilation, the performance of natural ventilators has been analysed. Four types of natural window ventilators and three types of wall ventilators were studied. Experimental results show that the natural ventilators have a greater ventilation effect whilst meeting national and local standards of ventilation for residential buildings in heating or cooling seasons.  The installation of such devices can be a compromise between ventilation and energy loss.

A Wind Channel Passive Ventilation System for Deep-Plan, High-Rise Residential Buildings

In a world where energy conservation in buildings is an important target, natural ventilation is an important field in which carbon footprint reductions can be achieved. This paper investigates the possibility of creating horizontal channels to deliver natural cross ventilation passively in deep-plan buildings that otherwise would suffer from a lack of fresh air ventilation. The research objective has been to find a new system in which the depth of buildings is no longer an issue when it comes to natural ventilation.

The Influence of Surrounding Buildings on the Natural Ventilation Performance of Residential Dwellings in Hong Kong

Natural ventilation in residential dwellings is very important for occupants’ health and comfort. Previous studies by the authors have concluded that natural ventilation performance in dwellings can be enhanced by positioning the two groups of window openings (bedroom windows and living room windows) in opposite directions or perpendicular to each other; and/or the use of side-hung windows. However, the buildings selected for those studies were located in an isolated site, for the purpose of focused evaluation of the influence of various configuration parameters and window types.

An Overview of Extreme Hot Weather Incidents and the Role of Natural Ventilation in Buildings on Human Body Comfort

It is still difficult to confirm from available data if global warming and climate changes have played a role in increasing heat-related injuries. However, it is certain that global warming can increase the frequency and intensity of heat waves, which can cause discomfort to the human body and, in the worst case, can lead to more heat illness casualties. Recent worldwide natural disasters, such as the Tohoku earthquake in Japan, flooding in Thailand, and the Pakistan heat wave show that climate change is truly a fact.

Control of Carbon Dioxide Concentration in Educational Spaces Using Natural Ventilation

This paper reports on research carried out to develop natural ventilation control strategies for densely occupied learning spaces with the intention of improving indoor air quality and heating energy consumption. Investigations were carried out for two test cases according to the characteristics given in CIBSE Guide A (2006) and Building Bulletin (BB) 101 (UK Department for Education, 2006). The performance of these test cases were assessed using dynamic thermal simulation with fixed CO2 set-points, based on which opening dampers are controlled.

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