Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 04/16/2019 - 16:24
The French indoor air quality observatory (OQAI) was set up by the French authorities in 2001 with the objective to collect data on indoor pollutants in various indoor environments to be used for public policies. Funded exclusively by public funding, the OQAI is coordinated by the scientific and technical center for building (CSTB) and involved an extensive network of partners across France in charge of the field campaigns and the laboratory analyses. To date, nationwide surveys were carried out in dwellings (2003-2005), schools (2013-2017), and office buildings (2013-2017).
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 03/22/2016 - 09:19
To study the impact of the filtration efficiency level on the particle concentration in a rural school equipped with a balanced ventilation system with heat recovery, measurements of indoor and outdoor particle concentrations have been carried out by using three different efficiency filters. The tested filters are respectively classed G4, F7 and F9 according to NF EN 779 (2012).
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 10:05
People spend more than 80% of their time indoors. In contrast to ambient air, no (legal) limits for indoor particulate matter exist, although there are WHO guidelines. In the Netherlands a measurement protocol to determine the PM2.5 in office buildings has been developed including 5 quality classes. However at the moment no simple guidelines or models are available which can support the design and in-use phases to predict the PM2.5 concentration in office buildings and schools.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 10/28/2015 - 17:27
Indoor temperature and humidity conditions as well as CO2 and airborne mould concentrations were measured in four manor schools in the Estonian cold climate. Based on these measurements, the influence of the indoor climate on the performance of schoolwork was assessed. The indoor environmental quality in manor schools turned out to be quite poor due to the inadequate performance of ventilation and heating systems. Intermittent stove heating was found to secure the minimum temperature in general but in winter thermal comfort was not always guaranteed.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 05/28/2015 - 10:23
The Marienlyst School is the first educational building in Norway built according to the passive house standard. This building benefits from a super-insulated and airtight envelope. While this reduces the heating demand largely, it also enhances the risk for poor indoor air quality and overheating compared to conventional buildings. It is therefore particularly important to implement an efficient ventilation strategy in order to avoid adverse effects on the health, well-being and productivity of the pupils.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 11/05/2013 - 15:18
The airtightness of office and educational buildings influences energy use and thermal comfort. A leaky building is likely to have a high use of energy and thermal discomfort. The knowledge of real airtightness levels of entire buildings and their impact on the energy use is very low, except for a study carried out in the USA. Therefore two different methods of airtightness testing were applied to six entire Swedish office and educational buildings built since 2000. The first method involves using the ventilation system of the building and the second one to use a number of blower doors.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 10/28/2013 - 13:38
A pilot survey was undertaken from September 2009 to June 2011 in 310 schools and day-care centres distributed in all regions of France including overseas departments. This experimental survey was carried out as part of the preparation of the mandatory control of indoor air quality in public buildings. Three parameters were measured in 896 classrooms or child playrooms: benzene, formaldehyde and carbon dioxide (CO2). The last enables the determination of degree of air ‘stuffiness’ during children occupancy as well as the night-time air change rate.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 10/28/2013 - 12:35
Stratified ventilation systems use a fundamentally different approach to supply heated or cooled air through a building than the ‘fully mixed and dilution’ ventilation systems found in the majority of non-residential buildings. Stratified air distribution creates a non-uniform environment in terms of temperature and pollutant distribution, and acceptable conditions in the occupied zone. Previous research has shown that this type of system works well for regions where buildings require year-round cooling.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 10/28/2013 - 12:34
In this work the evaluation of indoor air quality in a classroom equipped with cross-flow ventilation is presented. A numerical methodology, based on comparison with experimental data, used in the evaluation of the air exchange rate, airflow rate and the age of the air, was applied in the first phase of this work. The evolution of carbon dioxide inside spaces, with different airflow typologies, was then predicted in the second part. The study was based on a school located in the South of Portugal. In the experimental methodology the tracer gas decay method was applied.