Inhabitants' behaviour with respect to ventilation.

During winter periods in four types of newly built terraced dwellings and in apartments of a flatbuilding,the daily behaviour and motivations of the inhabitants with respect to airing and ventilation have been studied. In total the information was obtained from 279 households. A combination of verbal interviews, diaries and technical measurements are used as methods of investigation. On basis of the findings,calculations can be made about air flows in occupied dwellings.

A detailed statistical analysis of window use and its effect on the ventilation rate in 2400 Belgian social houses.

A large inquiry campaign began in 1985 on 100 social housing estates and 2,334 families were visited. The housing estates were selected according to their age, location, type of building (dwelling/apartment) and heating system. The main purpose of this paper is to explore the data received concerning window use in order to find the effect of the inhabitants on the ventilation rate. The summertime and wintertime situation was analysed and differences between individual dwellings and apartments were also investigated.

Ventilation and energy efficiency.

Keynote address of the 7th AIVC Conference. Address aims 1) to set an energy efficiency context for research into air infiltration; 2) to summarise current research themes; 3) to suggest aims for research in air infiltration and occupant behaviour.

Effect of instructions to inhabitants on their behaviour.

Within the framework of the International Energy flgency (IEA) Annex VIII , "Inhabitants Behaviour with Regard to Ventilation" an investigation has been carried out on the use of windows in an apartment building in Schiedam. The measurements have been done by the TNO Division of Technology for Society. They started in November 1984 and stopped in May 1986, Three inquiries and diaries have been set up in the tno heating seasons and the summer period to get additional information from the dwellers, In the 6th AIC conference [1] paper 20 dealt with the first heating season of this project.

Atria and conservatories.


Ventilation requirements for moisture control in different climates.

One of the most important reasons for ventilation of dwellings is moisture control. Ventilation strategies differ. The article deals with 1) Ventilation as a measure for moisture control in dwellings: comfort aspects, durability aspects, air humidity and ventilation: 2) Principles for risk analyses; surface phenomena, moisture conditions within buildings components; 3) Ventilation requirements in different climates; climatic data for different climatic zones, principles for moisture- ventilation analysis, and analyses of the examples.

A sociological perspective on tenant behaviour with regard to domestic ventilation - an example at Lausanne, Switzerland.

This research attempts to offer partial answers as to how and why inhabitants of a rented apartment building behave as they do in aeration. The authors adopted a two-fold approach : first, by using computerised data recording of outdoor and indoor temperatures per room, the number of hours of sunshine, the surface temperature of radiators and the opening of the windows in each room;second, through interviews with the tenants, sometimes filmed, in order to ascertain their behaviour patterns and underlying motivations in ventilation.

Ventilation and indoor air quality in new Norwegian dwellings.

SINTEF, The Foundation for Scienti f ic and Industrial Research at the Norwegian Institute of Technology, has monitored a number of experimental low-energy houses, and also undertaken measurements in some other houses to establish the energy consumption, air tightness, ventilation rates etc. Some of the experimental houses are extremely air tight. In connection with these measurements we have made some observations on the occupants behavior related to ventilation, and their satisfaction with the ventilation system.