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mechanical ventilation

Experimental charaterisation of thermal plumes in confined ventilated spaces

This paper presents the behaviour of a thermal plume combine with a forced ventilation. A method to locate the position of the thermocline in a ventilated room is shown. It also gives and compares the results obtained by means of a solutal simulation on an hydraulic model and from full-scale experiments in a climatic chamber.

Relationship of SBS-symptoms and ventilation system type in office buildings

This paper provides a summary of current knowledge about the associations of ventilation types in office buildings with sick building syndrome symptoms. Most studies completed to date indicate that relative to natural ventilation, air conditioning, with or without humidification, was consistently associated with a statistically significant increase in the prevalence of one or more SBS symptoms, by approximately 30% to 200%.

Barriers to improved ventilation in production housing

In addressing the goals of energy-efficiency and indoor air quality (IAQ) in homes, industry teams in the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program are installing mechanical ventilation systems in tight homes. A variety of designs - some simple and inexpensive, some more sophisticated - have been demonstrated. The advanced designs provide more consistent ventilation over time, more uniform ventilation among rooms, and source control measures that reduce the air-change requirement.

The evaluation of HVAC systems and indoor air quality of high-rise appartments

Although most of the apartments adopt state-of-the-art convenience facilities, since they have become the most popular housing type in Korea, they depend on natural ventilation for HVAC systems, as traditional floor heating systems (Ondol) are used. On the other hand, the indoor environments of the apartments have become more important, because people stay longer in a room and the room environment is polluted, because of various kinds of interior materials. Accordingly, some apartments apply air conditioning systems using AHU and ventilation systems using heat exchangers.

Decentralized building automation and hybrid ventilation at ING HQ's

This paper describes the hybrid ventilation system of a new office building (650 employees) in Amsterdam (The Netherlands) equipped with a decentralized building automation and individual controls.

Indoor air quality in schools : the impact of ventilation conditions and indoor activities

Physico-chemical and microbiological measurements (temperature, humidity, CO2, CO, VOC, bacteria and fungi) were performed on indoor air of three schools near Paris (France). Results of measurements are given and analysed. Indoor air quality is better with mechanical ventilation than in operable windows classrooms. TVOC concentrations are much higher indoors than outdoors.

The simulation of ventilation of entrance atrium in the Moravian library

The Moravian library's atrium in Brno (Czech Republic) is eight stories high. Ventilation is a combination of mechanical supply by nozzles in each gallery and a natural stack effect in the atrium from bottom to top. CFD has been used for design.

Double skin façade and hybrid ventilation of the ING house Amsterdam (ING Bank HQ)

CFD calculations and laboratory measurements in a full-scale model were carried out to assess the performance of a full transparent second skin façade intended to equip an office building, composed of very low solar energy transmittance glass, and being v

Effects of continuous ventilation on indoor air quality (IAQ)

Field tests and a model allowed to study contaminant concentrations in a single family home in California operating with natural ventilation or with one of six mechanical ventilation systems (cyclic or continuous, multi-point or single-point exhaust). Continuous ventilation appears to be better for contaminant levels control.

Poultry slaughter plants : ventilation systems performance

Ventilation airflow rates and internal air distribution were measured in four poultry slaughter plants (250 to 775 workers), equipped with negative pressure ventilation systems (exhaust flow rate from 7.1 to 27.4 m3/s - no air intakes - supply air entering through various openings). Results lead the authors to recommend the installation of diffusers for makeup air supply, changes in the organisation of rooms to avoid contamination of one by the other and regular maintenance and cleaning of ventilation components.

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