Laboratory test of measuring hoods for supply air

Capture hoods are the most common measuring method for volumetric air flows from exhaust. The hoods have been continuously improved in order to prevent some deviations from calibrated values. In most cases a satisfactory accuracy can be achieved by this measuring method.

Comparison of indoor air quality in electrified and un-electrified dwellings in rural South African villages

This paper provides scientific evidence that electrified homes in South African rural villages have lower levels of air pollution compared to the non-electrified homes using fuel or wood. The measured air pollutants were RSP (stationary respirable particulate matter), the CO in the kitchen and the CO on the child.

Audit thermique instrumenté des installations de climatisation Thermal monitored audit of air-conditioning systems

In hot summer days, in Bucharest the air temperature is over 36°C and the relative humidity exceeds 50 %. That explains the big air-conditioning demand for tertiary buildings. This paper deals with an experimental and a numerical investigation of an air-c

Investigation of indoor air quality and emission of indoor used materials in Hungary

In the course of laboratory investigation we examined the adaptability of naive panels onindoor air quality measurements. We made the investigation on a measuring team of 45participants. We examined the measurement precision and standard deviation of themeasuring team with the help of Olf-Box. Our results show that despite the economicefficiency the number of persons in a measuring team cannot be reduced to less than 30subjects. We built a measuring system to examine the emission of indoor used materials.

The French National Survey on Indoor Air Quality: sample survey design

A nationwide survey on indoor air quality will be set up in France in 2003-2004. The aim ofthe survey is to assess household exposure to indoor air pollutants. The target population isthe national housing stock of approximately 24 million permanently occupied housing units.A nationally representative sample of dwellings will be selected based on a three-stagesampling design. At the first stage, the Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) are categorized basedon French territorial divisions. The second stage of the design is the sampling of segmentswithin the PSUs.

Ventilation management for patient care protection during construction in a bone marrow transplant unit

Protecting immune suppressed patients from construction generated airborne opportunisticinfectious agents is essential during their hospitalization. During modernization of thehospitals 32-bed bone marrow transplant unit (BMTU), an empty intensive care unit wasretrofitted to BMT ventilation criteria. Filtration, pressurization and room air exchangecriteria were required at 12/h. A condensate particle counter and a digitalpressure gauge were used to assess these criteria.

Measured IAQ in two new blocks of flats

Two similar blocks of flats have been built for people with respiratory diseases. The buildingshave a clean and effective ventilation system and low emitting building materials. Theventilation system is a centralized supply and exhaust air system, either based on demand(Building A) or user controlled (Building B). Total volatile organic compound (TVOC) levelsand concentrations of ammonia and formaldehyde were measured in one apartment on each ofthe six floors of both buildings before occupants moved in and after 3 and 7 months and afterone year of occupancy.

Long-term monitoring of the performances of an innovative HVAC system for cinemas

In this paper, the results of the elaboration of the experimental data from 1-year longmonitoring of the performances of an innovative HVAC system installed in a multi-roomscinema of the Warner Bros Village near Venice is presented. This system is based on a rooftopexpressly designed for cinemas applications.The behaviour is analysed to verify the machine design choices in terms of reliability,energy efficiency and comfort level achieved. The study confirms the validity of the designwhich characterizes this HVAC system.

Quality of indoor air and functionality of ventilation in day care centres

The aim of the study was to develop solutions to the problems and deficiencies encountered inventilation systems of day care centres, and which were manifested as poor IAQ or excessiveenergy consumption in the buildings at the maintenance stage of their ventilation systems.During the afternoon rest hour the IAQ was monitored and other measurements of ventilationcapacity were made. The directors and maintenance personnel of the day care centres wereinterviewed and a questionnaire was presented to the staff.

IAQ at two vocational institutes in Hong Kong

Since the initiative by the government in 1999, indoor air quality (IAQ) has received attentionfrom the community at large in Hong Kong and the education sector has also been activelymonitoring IAQ in line with the proposed objectives. This paper reports the finding of an IAQstudy conducted in 2002 at two vocational education institutes. It begins with a brief review ofIAQ development in the education sector. An outline of the site inspection, the IAQ objectivesand the equipment used in the study then follows.