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Energy impact of ventilation rates.

As heat exchanges through building envelopes and undesirable internal gains have been reduced in the last years due to energy conservation efforts, the importance of the energy needed to heat, cool and move outdoor air for ventilation has increased in relative tem1s. This study, developed within the European project TIP-VENT (JOULE) aims to study the impact of ventilation air flow rates upon the energy needs of typical buildings. Five real buildings were selected as case-studies: A hotel, an auditorium, an office building, a single-family residence and an apartment building.

The use of earth tube system as a means of improving indoor thermal comfort in South China.

This paper reports on an investigation of the use of an innovative earth tube ventilation system designed to improve the internal comfort conditions without the need for mechanical cooling. The numerical model and computer simulation developed for the prediction of air and soil temperatures has been made. The paper demonstrates the accuracy of this model and describes the results of analysis.

Cool and calculating.

The design of mixed-mode ventilation and comfort cooling systems have taken another step forward with the construction of the Centre for Mathematical Sciences in Cambridge - the new home for the mathematical genius Stephen Hawking. But how energy efficient are the buildings likely to be?

Snapshots of shading options.

                

Space conditioning using evaporative cooling for summers in Delhi.

The article examines the possibility of space conditioning the interiors of a multistorey office building in Delhi using evaporative cooling in the summer months of April, May and June. The temperature and humidity conditions obtained in a room of the building with direct evaporative cooling are studied by simulation. In this case study, the room is assumed to have a south-facing wall with a window and all other walls, ceiling and floor are interior partitions.

Experimental testing of a ventilated roof component for energy saving in cooling.

A Ventilated roof component was built and tested in the outdoor testing facilities (Test Cells) of CRES, Greece. A conventional Greek roof structure of the same area was also installed in the roof of the Test Cell allowing simultaneous measurements in order to perform a comparative study of the performance of the two parts. Different configurations in the Ventilated roof were investigated, like ventilation air gap height and application of a radiant barrier. The tests carried out under summer weather conditions will be discussed in this paper.

Typology of hybrid ventilation systems and practical examples.

This paper aims to identify major characteristics of hybrid ventilation systems, whereby a clear distinction is made between ventilation for Indoor Air Quality control and ventilation as part of a strategy for control of thermal comfort in summer. The aim is to identify the major differences between the various approaches and to develop some kind of rationale. Various building projects are used as illustration for the classification.

Evaporative cooling and sorption assisted dehumidification with liquid salt solutions.

The traditional way to dehumidify the outdoor air in an A/C-system is by cooling the air downbelow the dew point temperature. For this process a refrigeration system is necessary torealise these low temperatures. Nowadays the disadvantages of refrigeration systems fordehumidification are widely known. An alternative method to dehumidify the air is byseparating the process of dehumidification and cooling.The paper will present a testing plant of 1200 m air/h which is installed in the University ofEssen. This A/C-systems works with liquid desiccants.

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