Radiation cooling of buildings at night.


Natural cooling of a residential room with ventilation in hot arid regions.

In order to determine ventilation performances in hot arid regions a transient program was simulated for a single room with glass windows. The calculations were done on climatic data of a typical city close to the central desert of Iran. Results indicate that the incident solar radiation to the room has a high influence on the room air temperature.

The assessment of thermal comfort in dwellings with evaporative cooling.

Describes approach based on the Predicted Mean Vote concept as a suitable index of discomfort for housing with evaporative cooling. This index accounts for all important environmental factors and in addition allows dynamic modelling of human responses to the thermal environment, such as adjusting clothing levels and metabolic rate. The computer program TEMPAL is used to predict internal environmental conditions within a dwelling. TEMPAL is shown to be sufficiently accurate for this purpose by comparing predictions with monitored conditions.

The use of a building enclosure siding as a passive cooling device

The effect of ventilation in the space between a main wall and an exterior siding is examined with respect to reducing the building's cooling load. The buoyant force of the air in the space is considered as the motive force of air flow and the effect is treated as a problem of simultaneous heat and mass-transfer. A simulation program of heat and air flows in a wall has been developed using laminar flow theory, and its validity is examined by thecomparison of the simulation results with a weather exposed full-scale model test.

An improved design of wind towers for natural ventilation and passive cooling.

A design is proposed to improve the performance of wind towers (or Baud-Geers) for natural ventilation and passive cooling. Under similar climatological and design conditions, the new design is capable of delivering air to the building at higher flow rates. It can also cool the air evaporatively to lower temperatures. Higher airflow rates and the evaporative cooling capability of the new Baud-Geer design can be fully utilized at night in summer to cool the building mass to lower temperatures. Momentum, mass and energy analyses are carried out for the proposed design.