Optimisation of the air flow performance of ventilated painting areas.

Painting large objects like cars or trucks usually generates high levels of pollution that can be eliminated by operating in a closed painting booth equipped with a blowing ceiling which produces a vertical ventilation flow. When the process does not allow the work to be carried out in a completely confined space (in the presence of a travelling crane for example) one of the only ways to remove pollution is the ventilated area. A basic ventilated area is merely a floor area of an industrial premises located above a pit equipped with an air exhaust system.

A comparative study of different air distribution systems in a classroom.

This study involves comprehensive experimental measurements and CFD simulations in a mockup of a full-size classroom with realistic loads. Four different air distribution systems have been tested:

Study on ventilation performance and indoor air quality of a portable classroom: field measurement and numerical simulation.

This paper describes an investigation into the ventilation performance and the indoor air quality of a portable classroom. Both field measurements and numerical simulations based on CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) technology were used. Field measurements in an unoccupied classroom used smoke to visualize the flow pattern, and hot-film probes to quantitatively measure air velocity. These field measurements provided the boundary conditions for CFD simulations and the experimental data to examine the accuracy of the CFD simulations.

Simulation of mixed convection flow in a room with a two-layer turbulence model.

Most indoor airflows are mixed convection. In order to simulate mixed convection accurately and efficiently, this paper uses a two-layer turbulence model. The two-layer model combines a one-equation model for near wall flow together with the standard k-E model for outer-wall flow. The model has been used to predict the mixed convection by displacement ventilation in an office. The computed results agree well with the corresponding airflow pattern and the distributions of air temperature , air velocity, air velocity fluctuation, and tracer-gas concentration.

Buoyancy-driven flow through a stairwell.

The present work concerns the measurement and the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling of buoyancy-driven air flow through a stairwell that connects the two individual floors of a residential building. A series of experiments was performed in order to study the mas and heal transfer between the two floors. Air flow rates through this stairwell were measured using a single tracer gas decay technique. The analysis of results provided relations which can predict the mass and heat flow rate as a function of the inter-zonal average temperature difference.

A tale of four cities: the potential for achieving thermal comfort using natural ventilation in high rise buildings in four Asian cities.

This paper briefly outlines the development of a design tool for ascertaining thermal comfort in high rise buildings in the tropics. The design tool, based on wind tunnel studies and computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations, was then applied to four cities in the tropics: Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Jakarta and Hong Kong. Can thermal comfort be achieved using solely natural ventilation? The overall conclusion was that natural ventilation alone cannot generally provide thermal comfort in high rise buildings in the tropics.

CFD and multi zone modelling of fog formation risk in a naturally ventilated industrial building.

Natural ventilation systems for industrial buildings have traditionally been designed using empirical engineering models, which often require the designer to 'over-engineer' the design to achieve a 'guaranteed' level of ventilation performance. This paper describes an application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and multi-zone thermal and airflow modelling to analyse the effectiveness of natural ventilation in removing moisture from a red mud filtration building used in the alumina industry in Australia.

Implementation of displacement ventilation system by using a wall mounted air conditioner.

Wall-mounted air conditioning systems including window-type and split-type air conditioners are widely used in Asian countries. However, these systems blow cold air directly into the working space perpendicular to the mounted wall and may make people affected by these air conditioners experience discomforts such as draught and uneven temperature distribution. Now a wall-mounted air conditioning system is expected to effectively implement the displacement ventilation system for space cooling and cold draught avoiding.

Room air distribution and cooling load of hybrid air conditioning system utilizing natural ventilation in an ofice.

The characteristics of a hybrid air-conditioning system, utilizing natural and mechanical ventilation, is investigated in an office setting. The characteristics of the indoor environment are examined with CFD(Computational fluid Dynamics) simulation under various conditions of incoming outdoor air. The control of the room air conditioning system (VAY system) is included in the calculation through changing the supply air volume to keep the task zone's temperature at a target temperature.