Indoor ozone has received attention because of its well-documented adverse effects on health. Inaddition to the inherently harmful effects of ozone, it can also initiate a series of reactions that generatepotentially irritating oxidation products, including free radicals, aldehydes, organic acids and secondaryorganic aerosols (SOA). The overarching goal of this work was to better understand ozone and terpenedistributions within rooms. Towards this end, the paper has two parts.


We already have had theoretical model to predict temperature and humidity variations in a room. Manyworks have estimated the accuracy of the numerical model, but they might be influenced by the airmovement. Thus, theoretically the temperature and humidity variations should be solved with airmovement in a room. In this paper, I calculated the minute temperature and moisture distributions in aroom which has the moisture buffering effects by the porous walls. The room space is regarded asrectangular box which has two hole, inlet and outlet for ventilation.

CFD-controlled climate design of the archeological tombs of valley of kings

Airflow characteristics in ventilated and air-conditioned spaces play an important role to attain comfort and hygiene conditions. This paper utilizes a 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to assess the airflow characteristics in ventilated and air-conditioned archeological tombs of Egyptian Kings in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt.

Air-conditioning systems' developments in hospitals: comfort, air quality, and energy utilization

The balance between thermal comfort and air quality in healthcare facilities to optimize the Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) is the main aim of this paper. The present paper will present this balance from the viewpoint of the air conditioning design. It was found that the design of the HVAC airside systems plays an important role for achieving the optimum air quality beside the optimum comfort level. This paper highlights the importance of the proper airside design on the IAQ.

Stratégies de contrôle local de la ventilation développement d'une plateforme numérique et expérimentale et expérimentale

Local control of ventilation in large buildings is considered to be a main issue in energy savings regarding the huge energy losses that are usually induced by such large volumes. An efficient ventilation system and the development of local control ventilation strategies could prevent large buildings from having an unsuited or overvalued ventilation and reduce significantly the energy consumption.

Experimental and numerical studies on indoor air quality in a real environment

This paper deals with the relevance of Computational Fluids Dynamics (CFD) results confronted to measurements carried out in real environment. Experimental tests have been undertaken in a room and in a kitchen of an experimental house. Although the wall surface temperatures and the air intake temperature have not been imposed, the air change rates have been controlled during the measurements. Moreover, since measurements have been
carried out in a real environment, air leakage has occurred at the walls.

Local ventilation sytems: some investigations about comfort levels and energy demands

Efficient ventilation of indoor environments shall guarantee not only a proper oxygen flow for human breathing, but also an effective removal of pollutants released by human metabolism and building materials. Usually, high ventilation rates are adopted to reach these two goals, with a consequent high energy consumption for buiding climatization.

Prediction and Control of Temperature in Air-Conditioned Indoor Spaces Using Proper Orthogonal Decomposition

A method for controlling the temperature of the occupancy zone in a room equipped with a fan coil ispresented. The heterogeneity of the air velocity field and the temperature distribution is considered. As it leads to a system with a great number of differential equations, the Proper OrthogonalDecomposition is applied to build a low order model. Moreover, the value given by a sensor oftemperature enables the estimation of the temperature in the occupancy zone with a state estimator.The performances of the model are shown through the first results of simulation.

Assessment of Ventilation’s Control Strategies adapted to Large Buildings

The absolute necessity of air renewal to maintain indoor air quality and thermal comfort in buildingsfaces the major issue of energy consumption reduction and optimisation in building sector. Manystudies carried out so far point out the performances improved thanks to the recourse to ventilationstrategies and control algorithms in the aim of optimising the energy consumption of air renewal, butvery few of them could assess the performances in the particular case of large buildings despite thepotential energy gains it represents considering the great volume and huge air flow rates induced.

Ventilation Performances of Mixing, Displacement, and Impinging Jet System under Different HVAC Scenarios : Part II

In most conditioned spaces, the Mixing Jet Ventilation (MJV) systems are commonly installed. Relying on turbulent mixing, MJV homogeneously controls the room environment. However, Indoor Air Quality (IAQ), draft, and noise can sometimes be drawbacks of MJV systems. In late the 70s, Displacement Ventilation (DV) was first introduced. By supplying low supply velocity air from the floor or lower wall, a stratification zone is formed which forces pollutants to be collected near the ceiling and allows clean air to remain in the breathing zone.