AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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air leakage

Some studies of infiltration of air through windows

Reports tests of air leakage through various types of window. Recommends introduction of standard for windows

Infiltration through plastered and unplastered brick walls.

Reports tests performed in walls to determine air leakage rates. Lower leakage rates were found with plastered wall than with brick wall and a further reduction in air leakage was obtained by painting the plaster.

Do modern storm windows reduce prime window air leakage?

Describes tests of air leakage performed on both prime windows and storm windows, separately and in tandem at wind velocities of up to 30.m.p.h. All types of windows were tested and upper and lower ranges for infiltration found.

Air infiltration through various types of brick wall construction.

Describes apparatus used to measure air leakage through walls, the types of walls and the test procedure. Gives results of tests on plain walls and shows the effect of adding plaster and paint. Concludes that infiltration rates of plain walls vary greatly. Of the three factors, affecting infiltration rates, workmanship is the most important, the composition of mortar next and the type of brick the least important. Finds that gypsum plaster stops almost all infiltration and that the application of paint reduces leakage.

Air infiltration effects on the thermal transmittance of concrete building systems.

Describes field measurements of thermal transmittance using portable guarded hotbox equipment on 2 types of concrete walls. Air leakage measurements of these same 2 types of concrete systems were made in the laboratory. Describes test methods. Illustrates measurement equipment and effects of infiltration diagrammatically. Concludes that it is not known how typical either wall system was, and further research is underway to evaluate other types of concrete building systems for air infiltration effects on thermal transmittance.

The effect of insulation, mode of operation and air leakage on the energy demand of dwellings in the U.K.

Describes results of computer study of behaviour of 2 better insulated houses, one of rationalised traditional and one of timber frame construction. Compares their performance with a contemporary house. Provides most important results regarding mode of operation and effects of air leakage. Concludes that better insulation is effective energy conservation measure but heavyweight characteristic of insulated structures result in intermittent heating being a less attractive means of reducing heat demand. Air leakage, if not controlled, becomes animportant component of the total heat loss.

Window airtightness and its influence on energy saving and minimum required ventilation.

Presents method for establishing conditions and an acceptance criterion for window air-tightness testing in relation to average energy (heating) saving per winter. Uses wind velocity data from israeli meteorological station of Ashdod to demonstrate difference between various methods of evaluating design wind velocity. Uses 41 different typical dwellings to determine unique criterion for acceptable air leakage under test conditions which ensures average of 1 air change per hour in most Israeli dwellings.

Control of air leakage is important

Points worthy of consideration regarding air leakage, i.e. the causes, identification, problems and remedies are briefly discussed generally without technical details and some illustrations are given of problems. Air leakage is common in most buildings, but with increasing standards of performance and the trend to taller buildings, it is becoming less tolerable. Reference is made to other CBD reports in which details are specified. The positive control of air leakage can only be achieved by careful attention in design and adequate inspection during construction.

Analysis of factors affecting the extent of air leakage of one family house. Analys ar ofrivillig ventilation i smahus

Reports theoretical and experimental calculations of heat balance of 5 houses. Discusses the extent of air leakage and various factors contributing to heat losses, particularly effects of wind and winter temperatures. Normal air leakage is 0. 5-0.7 air changes/h, mainly through chimneys, air outlets, window, and door cracks. Air leakage of floor, door, and roofs is 0.1-0.2 air changes/h. in winter, temperature differences have the same influence on ventilation as wind velocity. Measurements in attics show 3 air changes/h. This is largely dependent on wind velocity.

Air leakage measurements of the exterior walls of tall buildings.

Describes experimental method of determining air leakage characteristics of exterior walls of a building. Method involves pressurising the building with the supply air system and measuring flow rates of outside supply air and resultant pressure differentials across building enclosure. Uses results to obtain flow coefficient and exponent for exterior walls. Checks method by results of computer simulation of a building, finding good agreement.