AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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air leakage

Reducing heat loss through window retrofitting

Provides table showing that annual heat loss through windows in U.S. accounts for about 5% of total energy consumption, or around 1.5 times energy derived from oil transported by alaskan pipeline, costing $30 billion annually. Describes relatively simple window treatment to eliminate substantial portion of thisloss which involves tightly sealed, interior-applied insulating panels. Demonstrates how performance of several such systems was predicted and verified by standard test methods.

The influence of window design on the air flow through cracks. Der Einfluss der Fensterbauart auf den Luftdurchgang

Reports investigation of air leakage through windows. Gives tables of air leakage of various types of windows with their dimensions, crack length, number of corners and length of air paths within cracks. Suggest that this information can be used to calculate the heat flow through windows.

Air leakage in buildings

Examines ways in which air leakage affects building performance. Heating load and building relative humidity in winter are affected by over-all air infiltration and ventilation rates. Windows and doors usually represent the major source of air leakage in buildings. Condensation problems occur when exfiltrating air deposits moisture on surfaces such as atticsand inside double windows. Discusses ways of reducing condensation. Finds that air tightness in inside of enclosure must always be many times greater than that of the outer cladding.

Joints in building-method of test for the resistance of joints to air penetration.

Gives standard test method for air leakage of joints between components used in the exterior walls of buildings. Outlines basic apparatus and test method. Resistance to air penetration shall be recorded expressed as cubic metres of air per hour.

An investigation of air exchange between rooms and outside air. Untersuchung uber den Luftaustausch zwischen Wohnraumen und Aussenluft.

Natural ventilation of inhabited rooms is studied with regard to its dependence on wind velocity and temperature difference between the interior of buildings and outside air. On the basis of simultaneous aerosol and carbon dioxide measurements an attempt has been made to separate the two components of air exchange: ventilation through walls and ventilation through clefts and chinks.

The choice of windows depending on their exposure. Memo for foremen Choix des fenetres en fonction de leur exposition. Memento pour less maitres d'oeuvre

This is a short guide to the choice of a type of window, considering its position and exposure to wind. Defines exposure grades for windows. Gives recommendations for choice of windows considering air permeability, water tightness and wind resistance. The catagories of windows are as defined in standard N F P 20 302.

Methods of testing windows part 1. air permeability test.

Describes test apparatus and method of testing windows for air leakage. This standard has been adopted by the following countries :- Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland and United Kingdom. It is available in English, French or German.

Thermography. Testing of the thermal insulation and airtightness of buildings.

Discusses in general terms energy consumption and energy requirements and the testing and checking of buildings. Gives principles of thermography and discusses the influence of various parameters on the thermography of buildings. Gives rules for interpretation of thermograms and use of comparative thermograms. Gives examples of comparative thermograms for common defects in insulation and airtightness, and actual cases where certain constructions and components were examined. Shows effectiveness of improvements made to remedy certain types of defects in insulation and air tightness.

Joint directives for the acceptance of windows. Directives communes pour l'agrement de fenetres.

Describes standard tests for air leakage, water-tightness and mechanical tests to be carried out on windows. Describes apparatus and test method. Defines normal resistance to air leakage as air penetration of 12 to 60 m3/h/m2 of the surface at a pressure of 10mm. of water. At air penetration of less than 12 m|3/h/m|2 the windows have improved resistance to air penetration.