AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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air leakage

Air leakage tests on synthetic rubber strips. Funktionsprovning av tatningslist

Studies effect of joints between building components on air tightness of buildings, and the factors which influence the air leakage through a joint. As a pilot test, the air leakage for different widths of joints between building components in timber has been studied by varying the pressure between 150 to +/- 700 pa. Describes main apparatus and gives results of the investigation on the leakage of air pressure in various types of joints.

Testing of houses for air-leakage using a pressure method.

Describes pressure method for testing whole houses for air leakage. States main advantages compared to tracer gas technique are that equipment is inexpensive, easy to handle and so well adapted to routine tests. The house is pressurized using a powerful fan and the flow through the fan is equivalent to the leakage through the building envelope at given pressure. Summarizes measurements made on test houses. and shows use of thermography to detect leaks. suggests use of pressure test to estimate the natural ventilation of a house.

Variation in the airtightness of windows as a function of the outside temperature: measurement apparatus and examples of application. Variation de la permeabilite a l'air des fenetres en fonction de la temperature exterieure : dispositif de mesure et exem

Describes study and operating principles of device allowing a window (or more usually a light-weight cladding unit) to be placed in variable temperature conditions simulating actual summer and winter conditions, in order to determine the airtightness of the window under these conditions. Describes testing of three plastic window frames in the device and supplies the measured values of the airtightness before, during and after the tests, and the corresponding curves.

Sash and air-tightness.

The airtightness of windows is an important feature in deciding habitability. in additional to the conventional, the window sashes featuring improved soundproofing and insulation performance have appeared. Summarizes the results of measurements of the air-tightness of these sashes made using carbon dioxide as a tracer gas, as well as double sliding and single sliding windows using actual size samples. Explains experimental apparatus and measuring method.

Air leakage testing.

The significance of air tightness on building performance and the factors affecting the air leakage performance of the building enclosure are discussed. the ability of the ASTM standard air leakage test method to check the quality of design and manufacture of factory-assembled walls, windows and doors as well as the inability of the method to provide the building designer with quantitative air leakage data for calculating heating and cooling loads and designing smoke control means is also discussed.

Studies on exterior wall air tightness and air infiltration of tall buildings.

Reports on the air leakage characteristics of the exterior walls of eight multi-storey office buildings in Ottawa. Results of the measurements taken are given and a method for calculating infiltration rates caused by stack action has been developed andis applied to heat loss calculations using the measured wall leakage values.

Norwegian test methods for wind and rain penetration through windows

Part of an extensive research programme being carried out also in Denmark, Finland and Sweden. Describes 75 window tests and gives diagrams of air flow and rain penetration apparatus. Proposes tentative evaluation curves for air penetration of windows of a stringent kind suitable for a severe climate. For air pressure of 30-40 mm of water, an 'acceptable' air flow is about 30 m.m. per hour per test window, with 'good' at about 20 and 'excellent' about 11. The curves are shown graphically.

Forced convection

Describes the influence on heat resistance of an insulated wall of workmanship and forced convection. Compares experimental investigations on cross-bar walls with calculated values. Examples show the influence on heat resistance of insulation installation, air-flow along the insulation and air-flow through the insulation. Concludes that air-tightness of the vapour barrier and partly of the inside board are of great importance.

Predicting air leakage for building design

Summarises research into air leakage. Describes field studies of air leakage of exterior walls, the heat loss caused by stack effect and smoke movement caused by wind and stack effect. Describes mathematical model for air leakage and flow patters of multi-storey buildings. Discusses implications of results on building design. NOTES general survey only.

Examination of the heat and air permeability of windows Untersuchung uber die Luft-und warme-durchlassigkeit von Fenstern

A study made to confirm the values given in german standard DIN 4701. considers theoretical natures of air permeability and the k-value as they concern windows. Finds that infiltration through windows without weather-stripping depends to such an extent on the quality of manufacture and fitting that essential differences between single-glazed, double-glazed and double windows scarcely exist. Finds no real difference between woodenand metal frames when new, but after normal wear and tear an average value of 3m(3)/h for each metre of gap at 1mm pressure difference is acceptable.