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Indoor climate in a Danish kindergarten built according to active house principles: measured thermal comfort and use of electrical light

Peter Foldbjerg, Thorbjørn Færing Asmussen, Jens Christoffersen, 2014
thermal comfort | daylight | ventilative cooling | solar shading | kindergartens
Bibliographic info: 35th AIVC Conference " Ventilation and airtightness in transforming the building stock to high performance", Poznań, Poland, 24-25 September 2014
Languages: English

The Kindergarten Solhuset is built according to the Active House vision with an emphasize of good daylight conditions and fresh air. The house was completed in 2011, and detailed measurements of the indoor environment have been performed since the completion. The daylight performance is evaluated with daylight factor simulations. The main activity rooms have daylight factors of 7%, while the innermost rooms with only roof windows achieve a high daylight factor of 4%. Electrical light is used frequently in daytime during the winter, but much less frequently during summer.


The thermal environment is evaluated according to the Active House specification (based on the adaptive method of EN 15251), and it is found that the house reaches category 1 for the summer situation. Some hours with temperatures below category 1 are observed during winter, and the building achieves category 2 for the winter situation. It is found that ventilative cooling through window openings play a particularly important role in maintaining thermal comfort and that both window openings and external solar shading is used frequently 


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