On simulating the atmospheric boundary layer in wind tunnels

Contains two papers reprinted from the Jnl. of Ind. Aerodynamics:-< 1) Wind-tunnel simulation of the adiabatic atmospheric boundary layer by roughess, barrier and mixing-device methods.< Discusses the philosophy of roughness, barrier and mixing-device simulation methods. Illustrates methods by measurements of simulations in the B.R.E.boundary layer wind tunnel.

An experimental determination of ventilation rate in occupied rooms using atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration

Describes tests in Exeter University library of method of determining ventilation rate by measuring the amount that the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration in an occupied space is raised above the outside ambient level. Compares rate obtained with that expected from the fan rating. Demonstrates that in addition to the ventilation rate, the average rate of production of carbon dioxide produced by the occupants could in principle have been estimated from the data.

Application of mathematical model for the buildup of carbon monoxide from cigarette smoking in rooms and houses.

Uses Turk's equation to obtain CO concentration v time curves in an office and a one-family house. Compares results with similar studies, current threshold limit values and ambient air quality standards for CO. Finds model is apparently valid for CO and probably for other gaseous contaminants not affected by absorption or deposition. Concludes that commercial environments should have at least 5 cfm fresh air per occupant and that a value of 50 cfmfresh air appears to be adequate for a one-family dwelling.

A scintillation counter for the measurement of radon concentration in air.

Describes a method for measuring the radon concentration of three litre samples of atmospheric air without pretreatment. Apparatus used consists of a 12 in. photomultiplier with 2ns (ag) phosphor and counting chamber. A measured efficiency of 38% when the phospor is negatively changed, is in good agreement with theory. The ultimate sensitivity is governed by the background which is equivalent to a concentration of 5 x 10|-4 c/l

The British gas multi-cell model for calculating ventilation.

Describes in detail a multi-cell model for predicting ventilating airflows. Gives equations for flow through cracks, wind and stack effect. States that comparisons between prediction and measurements indicate that the method is capable of giving relatively high accuracy for a wide range of ventilation conditions. Discusses advantages and disadvantages of multi-cell and single-cell methods. Argues that multi-cell approach is potentially more accurate and more useful.

Formaldehyde in the indoor environment-health implications and the setting of standards.

Describes investigation of the effects of five hour exposure of sixteen young people to different concentrations of formaldehyde. Physiological parameters, subjective discomfort and performance were monitored. Discusses setting of exposure standards for formaldehyde and suggests standard of 0.15 mg/m^3 for continuous exposure.< Discussion includes an account by R.Baars of developments in the Netherlands and measures taken to reduce formaldehyde concentrations in dwellings.

An air to air heat exchanger for residences.

An air to air heat exchanger is only of value if one can control the movement of air into and out of the house. Suggests measures for reducing air leakage. describes construction of an air to air heat exchanger. Finds that heat exchanger can be used to control humidity in houses. Suggests use of a solar collector to preheat the cold outside air entering the heat exchanger.

Radioactivity in construction materials. a literature review and bibliography.

Reviews literature on radioactivity in construction material. Finds that radioactivity in building materials used in the United States has received very little attention and that except for studies to find construction materials of very low background, there are no reports of radiological surveys of any U.S. building materials used for general construction purposes. Discusses surveys made outside the U.S.A. and summarized the gamma exposure rates found inside buildings (table 2). Gives bibliography of approximately 270 references.

Air leakage measurements in three apartment houses in the Chicago area.

Describes air infiltration measurements made in three apartment houses in the Chicago area using SF6 as a tracer gas. Two were in tenement districts and one was suburban. Data were collected in selected apartments in each building, and these data were used to estimate the infiltration rate for the entire building.

Tightness and its testing in single and terraced houses Tathetsprovning av smahus och radhus.

The Swedish building regulations give recommended tightness values for buildings of 3 air changes per hour for single houses, 2 air changes per hour for other housing with not more than two stories and 1 air change per hour fortaller buildings.