Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 10/28/2015 - 16:51
House dust contamination has recently become an important issue in the residential indoor environment. This study evaluated ventilation systems for removing house dust efficiently in a full-scale residential room. Experiments and simulations were performed to investigate diffusion and deposition of house dust by different ventilation systems. Riboflavin particles were used as the house dust. Two kinds of ventilation systems were considered, namely ceiling exhaust and slit exhaust.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 10/31/2013 - 21:25
The thrust of airtightness specification and testing is derived from energy considerations. The application to healthcare buildings and specialist laboratory facilities embodies the same principles but derives the appropriateness of the criteria with reference to [a] producing controlled and controllable cascading pressure zones and [b] specifying or quantifying the potential exposure in the event of failure of mechanical ventilation.
ASHRAE Standard 62.2P is being proposed to address residential ventilation issues. As housing, especially new housing, gets more airtight and better insulated, it has become clear that many homes are under-ventilated. The Standard contains requirements that provide minimum ventilation rates and source control measures necessary for acceptable indoor air quality. This paper uses previously reported analytical techniques to compare the energy costs of various ventilation strategies for a wide variety of climates and housing types.
The deposition rates of particles in a town-house with a forced air circulation and in-duct filters have been calculated for that study. It appears that the use of central forced-air fan along with in-duct filters allows the reduction of particle concentration. And it is more effective than reducing ventilation by closing windows or making homes more insulated.
How to avoid or reduce the influence of suddenly released contaminant when emergency occurs ? A 3D Full scale room with displacement and mixing ventilation system is numerically studied assuming contaminant released at certain positions in the room. IACS is adopted as an index that can be applied to determine ventilation strategy with the aim of defending indoor environment against contamination.
Investigations in six car parks were carried out. Measurements of carbon monoxide levels were made during the peak hours to compare the performance of the different types of ventilation systems : the performance is better with a combined supply and exhaust system than the exhaust only system though more energy is consumed.
In that study, induced ventilation is experimentally explored in a small well-insulated manufactured home, located in the northern edge of the Negev desert in Israel. Temperature monitoring was performed inside and outside the building in summer along with velocity measurements inside the building. The results show that with induced ventilation the air temperature inside the home is like the ambient temperature, whereas, when no openings, the temperature inside the manufactured home is higher than the ambient.
For that study, 12 office rooms of a "Solar Optimised Building" in Germany have been monitored. The data have been evaluated by a new method for analysis that deals with short and long term measurements and with building simulation. A comparison between monitored data and simulation of a building with passive cooling by night ventilation is made on a long period.
The aim of this study is to clarify the effects of indoor environmental characteristics of hybrid - natural and mechanical - air conditioning systems in office buildings during intermediate seasons. The other objective was to obtain design data.