ASHRAE currently provides little practical information for optimizing the design of a cigar or smoking lounge, although recent ASHRAE forums have indicated an increased interest in this area. This paper provides a summary of the measurement of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) from cigarettes or cigars, the manner in which ETS concentration varies with rates of smoking and ventilation, and the relationship between ETS concentration and indoor air quality.
Indoor and outdoor concentrations of respirable particulates and sulfates have been measured in 68 homes in six cities for at least 1 yr. A conservation of mass model was derived describing indoor concentrations in terms of outdoor concentrations, infiltration and indoor sources. The measured data were analysed to identify important building characteristics and to quantify their effect. The mean infiltration rate of outdoor fine particulates was found to be approximately 70 %- Cigarette smqking was found to be the dominant indoor source of respirable particulates.
Simultaneous air monitoring inside and outside of 12 homes in the Houston area were performed for fine inhalable particulate matter by means of dichotomous samplers. The patterns of house-specific indoor mean concentrations, indoor/outdoor ratios, and probable source of indoor fine aerosol are discussed, along with pertinent information on household characteristics.
Mathematical models have been used by various researchers to provide both a fundamental understanding of indoor air quality dynamics and a platform for estimation of IAQ constituents in lieu of experimental measurements. Due to the diverse nature of these applications the complexity and hence applicability and accuracy of the models varies tremendously. Some models have been specifically developed for evaluation of the impact of a broad range of environmental conditions on IAQ constituents.