Reports study of 800 paired samples of indoor and outdoor smoke and SO2 concentrations of 60 Rotterdam homes. Finds that smoking increased the amount of smoke found in living rooms and the data suggest that newer houses tend to have less SO2 in the living rooms than older houses. On average living rooms contained approximately 80% of the smoke and 20% of the SO2 measured simultaneously outdoors during 24 hour periods. Estimates probability of having more SO2 in the living room than outdoors is less than 2%.
Uses Turk's equation to obtain CO concentration v time curves in an office and a one-family house. Compares results with similar studies, current threshold limit values and ambient air quality standards for CO. Finds model is apparently valid for CO and probably for other gaseous contaminants not affected by absorption or deposition. Concludes that commercial environments should have at least 5 cfm fresh air per occupant and that a value of 50 cfmfresh air appears to be adequate for a one-family dwelling.
Air contaminants include all gases, vapours, liquid droplets and solids, including microogranisms of small size that can be dispersed in air and that are unwanted. Contaminants can be removed by dilution of the air, by deposition of particles on surfaces or by reaction with other materials in air or in space (such as furnishings).< This article discusses in general terms the reduction of contaminants and gives equations of concentrations of contaminants after time t. Discusses types of filters and their effectiveness.
Reports measurements of suspended particulate matter, carbon monoxide and droplet nuclei in a climate chamber of 50m3 as indicators of the particulate and gaseous phase of cigarette smoke. Various combinations of smoking intensities andventilation rates between 1 and 16 air changes per hour were investigated partly by a standardized smoking machine procedure and by individual smoking by a panel of four persons.
States that the need for fresh air to dilute cigarette smoke is the dominant criterion for ventilation design. Reviews the literature of the subject and concludes that the three main health factors are carbon monoxide, acrolein and particulate matter. Finds very wide differences in sensitivity between people. compares IHVE guide of 1970 with the british standard draft code of practice CP3 concludes that cigarette smoke shouldbe treated as a contaminant and not linked with body odour dilution.
Describes pressurization method of measuring air leakage using a fan installed through an open window. Gives results of survey of 24 houses. Humidity, meteorological parameters, indoor particulate levels, measured equivalent leakage areas and other information were recorded. Finds that tight houses tend to havehigher humidity, that leaky houses require more heating energy and that houses where smoking takes place have higher air pollution levels than others.