Estimating wind loads on glasshouses.

The structural design of glasshouses must provide for safety from wind damage while permitting maximum light transmission to the crop. A literature review of codes of practice, recommendations and data concerning wind loads on buildings showed several different procedures for describing the wind speed near the ground and predicting design pressures on low profile buildings.

Proposed nordic standard for ventilation and thermal comfort.

Presents a proposal for an Indoor Climate Standard, to be included in the building codes of the nordic countries. The standard comprises two parts: 1) air quality and ventilation, 2) thermal environment. The paper presents and discusses the main features of the two parts of the standard. Mechanical ventilation is required in all buildings including dwellings at a minimum outdoor air change of 0.5/h. Limits for operative temperature and for thermal non-uniformity are given for winter and summer conditions.

Formaldehyde in the home atmosphere. Formaldehyd i boligluft.

During the period 1973-76, measurements in housing where particle board is used as a building material have revealed a reduction in the formaldehyde content of the indoor atmosphere from 0.64 to 0.40 mg/cu.m. under standard indoor climatic conditions. A corresponding although slighter reduction in therelease of formaldehyde from particle board was found under controlled conditions in climatic chambers. Suggests these improvements in the quality of particle board will suffice to fulfill the proposed limit of 0.40 mg/cu.m.

Windows and door height windows - Air permeability test.

Defines the method to be used for the air permeability testing of windows to be fitted in exterior walls and supplied in the form of completely assembled and finished units. Describes apparatus, test method and expression of results.

Significance of air infiltration on building energy conservation design standards and codes.

With increased concern for energy conservation, many new standards have been developed. Discusses these standards which are of three types, prescriptive, component performance and performance. Outlines several design approaches toreducing air infiltration.

Comparison between some existing performance requirements for air permeability and water-tightness in buildings.

Compares some existing performance requirements for air permeability and water-tightness of windows. Gives tables showing main European standards. Finds that a large variety of methods of test and grading systems is used and concludes that steps should be taken to unify the systems.

B.S.I. Code of Practice for design of buildings : ventilation principles and designing for natural ventilation.

Presents code of practice which supersedes CP3:chapter 1(c):1950. Deals with ventilation of buildings for human occupation. Outlines main reasons for provision of ventilation and gives recommended quantitative air flowrates. Shows that these form the basis for air supply recommendations for different types of buildings, and rooms characterised by usage. Gives basis for choice between natural and mechanical ventilation. Provides guidance on design of natural ventilation systems. chapter headings are: General, General principles of ventilation, natural ventilation, appendices.

The variability of test results when assessing the resistance of windows to water and air penetration using BS4315.

Reports a programme of tests of the resistance of windows to air and water penetration. These were intended to assess the variation in the results due to different designs of window, differences between individual windows of the same type, different pressure test boxes, and different test operators. Gives tables of results and finds considerable variation but no single source of the variation. Suggests new test procedure and a statistical criterion for acceptance.

Formaldehyde in the indoor environment-health implications and the setting of standards.

Describes investigation of the effects of five hour exposure of sixteen young people to different concentrations of formaldehyde. Physiological parameters, subjective discomfort and performance were monitored. Discusses setting of exposure standards for formaldehyde and suggests standard of 0.15 mg/m^3 for continuous exposure.< Discussion includes an account by R.Baars of developments in the Netherlands and measures taken to reduce formaldehyde concentrations in dwellings.

Ventilation in buildings.

Gives regulations and performance guidelines for the ventilation of buildings. Includes guidelines for air quality and gives recommended supply and return air volumes for different rooms of a building.