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German guide for the prevention, investigation, evaluation and remediation of indoor mould growth (‘mould guide’)

The German Federal Environmental Agency has published a ‘mould guide’, which aims at harmonizing procedures to investigate and evaluate indoor mould contamination. The policy behind the guide is not to make a health assessment for every individual case ba

Effects of indoor air quality on office workers’ work performance - a preliminary analysis

We conducted an epidemiological study to examine the associations between indoor climate and office workers’ health and working efficiency. We investigated four office buildings in Massachusetts, USA, beginning May 1997 over 1 year. Ninety-eight participa

A design oriented indexing system for energy use and indoor climate

An assessment concept is being developed for iterative design of office buildings withintegrated energy and indoor comfort solutions. An indexing system has been devised thatincorporates environmental effects of energy use with thermal and atmospheric indoor climatein a score on a common scale from 0 to 100%, called the Eco-factor. Only the operativephase of the building life cycle is considered. Only indoor climate aspects that are closelyinter-related with energy use are considered: Thermal comfort and Indoor Air Quality.

Effects of naturally ventilated double skin walls on indoor thermal environment

Natural ventilation is a prevailing way to relieve the indoor thermal environment against warmand humid climate. The field measurement of the thermal performance of a model house withnaturally ventilated double skin walls compared with a conventional insulated model housewas carried out. Only the gap between the double skins is ventilated, while the indoor of theconventional model is ventilated mechanically.

Post-occupancy monitoring of windcatchers for summer ventilation in the UK

A combined windcatcher and light pipe (SunCatcher) was installed in the building of theSchool of Construction Management and Engineering in the MSc Seminar Room (2N09).Monitoring of indoor environment in real weather conditions was conducted to evaluate theperformance of windcatchers in the room and to conduct occupant survey. External weatherconditions and internal indoor environment and air quality indicators were recorded. Thetracer gas decay method using SF6 was used to establish the air change rate for variousconditions.

The indoor climate in historic buildings without mechanical ventilation systems

A study of the microclimate in four rooms in historic buildings reveals the different priorities,and, therefore, the different climatic data, needed by museum conservators, compared withpeople studying human welfare. In particular, it is important for conservators to know if a lowpollutant concentration indoors is due to a clean outdoor climate, a low air exchange rate orpollutant absorbent artwork on the interior walls of the building.

Indoor conditions in ultra-lightweight structures: a case study

This paper reports a number of physical indexes for the assessment of the indoorenvironmental quality of new steel truss structures, used as classrooms at the CataniaUniversity Campus (southern Italy).By means of a multi-channel recording apparatus and questionnaires filled in by thestudents, the following data were collected: indoor dry bulb temperature, relative humidity, airvelocity, mean radiant temperature, workplane illuminance, PMV, PPD, MV, MMV. On thebasis of these data, the comfort requirements are not achieved.

Thermal indoor climate evaluated on the basis of a snapshot

Evaluating thermal indoor climate without knowing the conditions is a long and often barrenprocess and documented data is actually not that hard to obtain. A snapshot of the thermalindoor climate in an office building with room for approximately 80 work-places can be takenin only 3 days: 2 days used for measuring and 1 day for reporting. The measuring procedurethat is developed for taking a snapshot is based on ISO 7730.

Indoor air climate and microbiological contamination in dental clinics

The use of high-speed rotary and spray-producing instruments can pose a serious risk indental clinics, by continuously creating a potential harmful contamination of the room. Indoorclimate parameters (temperature, relative humidity) and microbiological airbornecontamination (total bacterial count at 37C, fungal particles) were evaluated in 12 privatedental clinics, partially equipped with air conditioning systems. Carbon dioxide airconcentrations were also measured to evaluate the efficacy of air exchange. Air microbialcounts were highest in the consulting rooms and waiting rooms.

The new European information system (EIS-CHEMRISKS) for assessing exposures from consumer products in the indoor environment

Information is needed about the overall nature of the reasonably foreseeable exposures fromconsumer products, including intended exposures of chemicals released into the air by design(e.g. fragrance materials), and other inhalation, dermal, and oral exposures arising from theuse of consumer products (CPs) in the indoor environment.

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