AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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indoor climate

Indoor Air Climatic Design of the Tombs of Valley of Kings

Airflow characteristics in ventilated and air-conditioned spaces play an important role to attain comfort and hygiene conditions. This paper utilizes a 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to assess the airflow characteristics in ventilated and air-conditioned archeological tombs of Egyptian Kings in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor, Egypt.

Indoor air climate requirements for Russian churches and cathedrals

Temperature and humidity changes can affect building materials and the building structure (deformation or breakage). A research was carried out by a holographic interferometer.Thanks to those investigations of temperature and humidity deformation, it has been made possible to give recommendations on maintenance in Russian churches and cathedrals.

A case control study of the indoor environments of asthmatic children

For that study, 200 children in Manchester were recruited to assess their asthma status, their indoor environment was analyzed. Levels of a variety of indoor agents, reported as important factors in the development or the exacerbation of respiratory troubles were examined. Results are presented.

Indoor particle dynamics

This paper presents an overview of what is known related to particulate matter indoors. An information for understanding filtration is given along with the way how particles contribute to adverse health effects.

Effect of improved air distribution on perceived indoor climate and productivity - A case study in a landscape office

The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of improved air distribution on symptoms and self-evaluated productivity in a landscape office in which the air was distributed with ventilated cooled beams. The intervention consisted of the improvement of evenness of the air distribution by installing an extra whirl diffuser at the end of every second cooled beam. As a consequence, the draught risk quantified by the draught rating model DR, was reduced to some extend.

Setting up a database of indoor climate measurements in recently built Belgian dwellings

One of the major sources of problems in dwellings -if not the main source- is moisture, especially due to surface and interstitial condensation on walls and roofs. For this reason, it seems important to evaluate the current standardisation and reference documents dealing with moisture and eventually to develop new assessment methods. This is the goal of the Belgian project "Moisture problems in roofs", carried out by BBRI, KUL, RUG and W&K. The first step is to collect a large number of indoor climate measurements in recently built dwellings built.

Thermal comfort in practice

In this paper the methodological benefits and constraints of conventional climate chamber research in comparison to the field-based alternative are discussed. The discussion of methodology is extended to the discipline of environmental psychology and with a questionning on how engineers have come to dominate a research topic that falls so clearly within the scope of psychology.

Natvent buildings versus HVAC buildings - A new Dutch thermal comfort guideline

A new thermal comfort guideline for moderate environments has been developed: the ATG guideline. The underlying method distinguishes between ‘type Alpha’ versus ‘type Beta’ buildings to provide for different adaptation effects. Type Alpha indicates buildi

Moderating indoor conditions with hygroscopic building materials and outdoor ventilation

This paper contains a numerical study of the indoor temperature, humidity, and comfort and indoor air quality conditions in a bedroom located in Saint Hubert, Belgium. The performance of the bedroom is presented for a range of constant outdoor ventilation rates (0.1 ach to 1 ach) with and

Recalibration of the complaint prediction model

This paper describes the evaluation and recalibration of the complaint prediction model developed by Federspiel (2000). We collected temperature time-series data and complaint data from six buildings ranging in size from 60,000 ft2 to 800,000 ft2 from three different geographical locations. Using these data, we found a low correlation between the observed number of complaint events and the Predicted Average Complaint Events (PACE) for the monitoring intervals and systematic underprediction of hot complaints.