Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 06/27/2023 - 11:43
How accurately can reduced-order dynamic building energy simulation models (with Dymola simulation software) simulate the indoor climate (i.e., indoor air temperature, relative humidity and CO2-concentration) in common inhabited residential buildings? In order to address this question, high resolution measurement data of a zero-energy case study dwelling were gathered through a measurement campaign. A dynamic multi-zone modelling approach has been applied to have room-level indoor climate results.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 04/15/2019 - 11:32
Norwegian building regulations refer to the NS-EN 15251 and the NS-ISO 7730 to define indoor climate criteria in new buildings. For example, the standards prescribe a temperature band of 20-26°C for a normal office situation. Any HVAC engineer or facility manager would however willingly state that office buildings in practice are run with a much smaller temperature dead-band, and that building occupants would complain if temperatures were as high as 26°C.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 11:00
Today one out of six Europeans (84 million Europeans, or the equivalent of Germany’s population), report deficiencies regarding the building status. In some countries, that number is as high as one out of three. This puts these buildings in the ‘Unhealthy Buildings’ category, which is defined as buildings that have damp (leaking roof or damp floor, walls or foundation), a lack of daylight, inadequate heating during the winter or overheating problems.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 10:57
Based on a series of workshops, a Circadian House is defined as a house that is designed to support a healthy life for its occupants through a human-centric design. The workshops were held in 2012-2013 and defined 3 key principles and ten key factors to consider in the design of homes.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 10:52
RenovActive is a renovation project which took place in Brussels based on the concept of Climate Renovation that implies achieving an excellent indoor climate as well as a high energy performance. The house belongs to a social housing association and is renovated within the financial frame for social housing in Brussels, and renovated using standard solutions and products to facilitate future replications of the result. Seven generic replicable elements were applied; these elements can be used in other renovation projects and are described in the paper.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 05/28/2015 - 13:11
This research investigates the significance of the moisture buffering and latent heat capacities in exposed cross-laminated timber (CLT) walls with the respect to indoor climate and energy consumption. Hygroscopic materials have the ability to accumulate and release moisture due to change in the surrounding humidity. The moisture buffer capacity is regarded as this ability to moderate, or buffer, the indoor humidity variations. Latent heat refers to the heat of sorption due to the phase change from vapour to bound water in the material and the other way around.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 05/28/2015 - 10:30
The impact of over-tempered air on the perceived indoor climate was evaluated by questionnaires filled in by the users of the first office building with passive house standard in Norway. In this building, the heating demand is covered entirely by warm air supplied into the rooms through the ventilation system.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 05/28/2015 - 10:23
The Marienlyst School is the first educational building in Norway built according to the passive house standard. This building benefits from a super-insulated and airtight envelope. While this reduces the heating demand largely, it also enhances the risk for poor indoor air quality and overheating compared to conventional buildings. It is therefore particularly important to implement an efficient ventilation strategy in order to avoid adverse effects on the health, well-being and productivity of the pupils.