This study investigated the transient effects on human thermal responses of clothingadjustments. Two different levels of activity were tested, and the temperature was set to resultin a warm or cool thermal sensation at each activity level.
A heat and mass transfer model of a walking clothed human has been developed in that study. That model predicts the transient thermal responses of the human and clothing giving temperatures, and latent heat losses. A mathematical model was developed for the simulation of the dynamic thermal behavior of clothing and its interaction with the system of human thermoregulation under walking conditions.
The thesis deals with human perception of the environment, sick building symptoims and the performance of office work in the indoor environment. Single and combined effects of temperature, heat stress, noise and air quality have been studied in three experiments.
Operative temperature which takes in account air temperature and radiation is of great importance when one defines human comfort.This paper gives information about definition, calculation and measurement of operative temperature.
An innovative thermal comfort meter has been developed. It can simulate the human body evaporative losses. The sensor has been calibrated in a climatic chamber with different air temperature, velocity and humidity.
This study is divided into 2 parts : 1. Discussion of the theory of a measurement method for configuration factors using reflections of a curvilinear mirror.2. Estimation method of configuration factors for medium/large scale spaces that can be used instead of methods using the diagrams.
This paper defines a new parameter : the equivalent frequency used for the description of the frequency characteristics of air velocity in turbulent flows.Analyses were performed to identify how much the accuracy of determination of the equivalent frequency depends on the characteristics of the velocity. Results of the analyses identified that the equivalent frequency of the velocity fluctuations in rooms is between 0.1 et 1 Hz, and 90 % of those records were between 0.2 and 0.6 Hz which is the frequency range identified to have most significant impact on people's draught sensation.
This paper deals with two general approaches used to determine multizone air flow by tracer gas experiments : a tracer gas decay model and a simultaneous release of n different tracer gases in n zones (n x n approach) . The results show a suitable agreement between the model and measurements made, at work-time, in a 3-store building equipped with an hybrid ventilation system.
The author expresses the evaporative efficiency of sweating as a function of wetted skin surface area.This allows to predict mean skin temperature of human body as a function of 4 environmental factors and 2 human factors. With these parameters skin temperature and wettedness for 2 typical cases have been calculated.
A seated, unclothed and bald manikin is used for the experiment. A numerical method calculates the view factors between individual segments of a thermal manikin , and between the outer surfaces and the body segments. The segment to segment radiation is the subject of the research : radiation between segments may be significant and the local differences in radiative heat loss may cause discomfort and cannot be ignored.