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ENERGY AUDITS IN DWELLING BUILDINGS IN LATVIA. DATA ANALYSIS

Experience of energy auditing of residential buildings in Latvia discovers problems with discrepancy of data measured and calculated. Analysis of dynamic changes of data presents factors, which influence results of energy audits and proposals for energy efficiency measure. Paper presents analysis of influence of solar radiation and modelling of solar factor for control of heat supply.

INTEGRATED SIMULATION OF HEAT DEMAND AND AIR EXCHANGE IN A MULTIFAMILY BUILDING

The paper presents the results of the measurements and integrated simulation of the energy demand and air exchange in one of the flats located in a 5-storey building located in urban area. The experiment was carried out during 3 weeks of March. The total energy consumption necessary for flat heating was measured continuously (at a 2 sec time step). After measurements were finished the energy demand and ventilating air flows were calculated assuming the same weather data variation as measured during the experiment, using the ESP-r software.

Evaluation of building energy consumption based on fuzzy logic and neural networks applications

The authors have created a Neural-Fuzzy Assistant which acts as a Decision Support System and helps to perform quickly and easily the estimations of office building energy consumption. The Neural-Fuzzy Assistant presented in this paper allows the user to determine the impact of eleven building parameters on the electrical annual and monthly energy consumption, annual and monthly maximum electrical demand and cooling and heating annual consumption and demand.

Stimulating better envelope and ductwork airtightness with the EnergyPerformance of Buildings Directive

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directivementions that each member states' energyperformance (EP) calculation methodology mayinclude envelope airtightness. In fact, manymember states have included envelopeairtightness in their EP calculation method.Many countries have also specific requirementsfor ductwork airtightness. However, they seemto be unequally successful in achieving a markettransformation. This paper describes themechanisms that have been used in somecountries, with a special focus on success storieswhich could inspire other member states.

Demand Controlled Ventilation. A Detailed Study of Energy Usage by Simulation

Detailed mathematical models of VAV equipment and subsystems have been developed and used tocompose larger DCV systems with a large degree of detail. The models and systems take intoaccount both flow/pressure distribution and thermal/contaminant dynamics. The models have beenvalidated against measurements. A number of detailed simulation cases have been conducted. Theresults show that energy usage depends strongly depends on occupancy, flow rates, chosen setpoints as well as the outdoor temperature.

Indoor Air Pollution with Fungus inside Well Insulated Houses - Biological Aspects -

Since the energy-crisis of the 70’ies, the trend goes to energy-saving constructions, that have strongly changed our way of building. The development of highly insulated houses in combination with manual window-airing leads to problems concerning a good q

Car park ventilation system : performance evaluation

Investigations in six car parks were carried out. Measurements of carbon monoxide levels were made during the peak hours to compare the performance of the different types of ventilation systems : the performance is better with a combined supply and exhaust system than the exhaust only system though more energy is consumed.

Confort d'été : un large éventail de solutions, des systèmes passifs à la climatisation ! (Summer comfort : a wide range of solutions, from passive systems to air-handling devices !)

This paper is a clear presentation of the different available systems to ensure a good thermal comfort : the author starts with passive systems that maintain comfort without an extra energy consumption, carries on with the low-energy consumption systems that allow air refreshment ,
then refreshing floors and cool ceilings and low-speed ventilation are described , he ends with
air-handling devices to be installed in residential or collective housings.

Experimental Comparison of Thermal Environment between Ceiling-based and Floor-based System with CAV HVAC System

The present paper evaluates indoor thermal environment, cooling efficiency and energy consumption between a floor-based system and a ceiling-based system using a mock-up model in cooling period. The experimental chamber has a UFAC, underfloor air conditioning system and a ceiling-based system. And the experiments are set with practical internal load conditions including occupants, lighting units, and heat sources (office automation equipment). The following were compared and evaluated;
1) the vertical and horizontal temperature distribution,

Study on Normalized Concentrations in an Occupied Zone in Office Space Optimization of Fresh Supply Air Flow Rate and Analysis of Energy Consumption

The values of the normalized concentration in the occupied zone (Cn) in an office space arecalculated by CFD for five different ventilation systems and the minimum ventilation rate which maintains the average concentration in the occupied zone under the regulated value is analyzed. Energy consumptions associated with the change in ventilation rate are analyzed. In this analysis, for most ventilation systems, the value of Cn is around 1.0, but for large circulation flow ventilation systems it changes greatly depending on the supply inlet velocity and temperature.

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