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energy consumption

Influence of improvement of air-tightness on energy retrofit of social housing, a case study in a mediterranean climate

In Spain, the residential sector is the third principal source of energy consumption; many of these dwellings are obsolete and do not have optimal conditions of comfort. For this reason, their energy retrofitting means an enormous step towards the energy efficiency. Under the general intervention strategies, the study and analysis of the air-tightness of the building envelope (as measured by the degree of infiltration) is a fundamental factor, because of its impact on energy efficiency, thermal comfort of occupants and indoor air quality.

Investigations on the effects of airtight performance improvement and energy consumption of insulation retrofit in detached houses

Recently, insulation retrofits of existing houses have been thought to be one of the effective measures from the viewpoint of global warming prevention. However, the overall reduction effects of environmental loads by the insulation retrofits have not yet been clarified. This study intends to accumulate basic data concerning the insulation retrofits and to promote the energy saving of existing houses. 

Measured public benefits from energy efficient homes

The objective of this paper is to summarize results of two studies that compared Baseline, ENERGY STAR® and Guaranteed Performance homes co-located in Phoenix, Arizona, USA and determine if homes in these three groups could be distinguished from each other in terms of actual summer/cooling energy usage or homeowner satisfaction related to the HVAC systems. The summer/cooling energy use study surveyed 7,141 houses, of which 3,336 were Baseline homes, 2,979 were ENERGY STAR homes and 826 were Guaranteed Performance homes.

Ventilation solutions in net zero energy buildings, the Elithis Tower case study

This paper focuses on ventilation solutions of a net zero energy building. We present the monitoring results after two years as part of the PHD programme research “Design, simulation and control of hybrid ventilation systems in high energy performances buildings” founded by Elithis Groupe in parternship with the LEPTIAB of La Rochelle.

A Static Pressure Reset Control System with a New Type of Flow Damper for Use in Low Pressure Ventilation Systems

The control strategy for mechanical ventilation systems has significant impact on the performance of the system, in terms of energy consumption and correct air distribution. This paper presents a static pressure reset control system employing a new type of flow damper with lower pressure loss for use in low pressure ventilation systems. The flow damper has a droplet shape that minimizes turbulence generation and the resulting pressure loss. The performance of the damper was examined by making measurements of pressure loss and airflow.

Ventilation Strategies in School Buildings for Optimization of Air Quality, Energy Consumption and Environmental Comfort in Mediterranean Climates

This study copes with the problem of ventilation in existing educational environments in terms of indoor air quality (AIQ), comfort and energy consumption. In accordance with international regulations, densely occupied environments such as school classrooms need high air change rates in order to provide sufficient fresh air. Nevertheless, in Italian schools, it is rare to see mechanical ventilation systems or natural systems that are mechanically controlled. This means that it is necessary for the users to control air changes by opening or closing the windows.

System Design for Demand Controlled Ventilation in Multi-Family Dwellings

This paper presents an investigation into solutions for the system design of a centralized DCV system in multi-family dwellings. The design focused on simple and inexpensive solutions. A cost benefit estimate showed that the initial cost of implementing DCV in a system with an efficient heat exchanger should not exceed 3400 DKK per dwelling in regions with weather conditions similar to the Danish climate. A design expected to fulfil this requirement was investigated in detail with regard to its electricity consumption by evaluation of different control strategies.

Numerical Assessment of the Performance of Ventilation Strategies in a Single-Family Building

Ventilation systems are primarily designed for ensuring good indoor air quality (IAQ). However, building energy requirements tend to put demand on reducing air change rates. The assessment of the performance of ventilation systems over long periods has thus become a subject of importance. In this framework, five ventilation systems were investigated for a heating period in a single-family house using a representative occupancy and pollution schedule. This was undertaken using SIMBAD, a combined mass and heat transfer toolbox. This paper compares the different results.

Estimation of Cooling Energy Reduction by Utilizing Cross-Ventilation in Detached Houses, within the Japanese newly introduced Energy Regulation - Evaluating Energy Consumption for Different Uses

The reduction of carbon dioxide emission due to energy consumption in the household sector is an urgent task, worldwide. As a measure to respond to the task, a new regulation has just been enforced since April 2009, in Japan. This regulation evaluates the energy performance of detached houses by estimating the primary energy consumption for different uses, namely, heating, cooling, ventilation, domestic hot water and lighting.

COMPARISON OF LCA ON STEEL- AND CONCRETE-CONSTRUCTION OFFICE BUILDINGS:A CASE STUDY

A life-cycle inventory model for the office buildings is developed in this paper. The environmental effectsof two different building structures, steel and concrete, are intercompared. The results show that thesteel-framed building is superior to the concrete-framed building on the following two indexes, thelife-cycle energy consumption and environmental emissions of building materials.

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