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displacement ventilation

Déplacement d'air - Assainissement et rafraîchissement des ambiances industrielles (Air displacement - Cleaning and cooling of industrial surroundings)

One of the major means of air diffusion for air conditioning equipment is the displacement ventilation. The stack effect is used by introducing at a very low speed, in the lower part of the room, some air whose temperature is close to the one of the desired atmosphere.

Air flow and particle control with different ventilation system in a classroom

Istis normally assumed by designers that all pollutants in a displacement ventilation system follow the buoyant air flow into an upper zone, where they are evacuated. But studies have shown that it is not always true and that concentrations of pollutant particles can be found in the breathing zone. This study aims at designing a ventilation system that will minimize the respirable airborne particle in that breathing zone.

Energy savings potentials in air conditioning of industrial buildings Einsparpotentiale bei des Klimatisierung von Industriehallen

Using results from dynamic simulations, the article compares the energy consumption for the air conditioning of an industrial building with mixing and displacement ventilation.

Floor heating and displacement ventilation

A question raised about displacement ventilation, is whether floor heating can be utilised without disturbing the thermal stratification in the room. See Figure 1.Q?Figure 1 Too much floor heating may destroy displacement ventilationThis paper deals with the possibilities and limitations to floor heating with displacement ventilation. This paper shows that floor heating can be utilised with displacement ventilation for both industrial and non-industrial premises for normal airflow rates and normal floor heating rates.

Underfloor & displacement. Why they're not the same

This article aims at precising the difference between Underfloor air distribution (UFAD) and Displacement Ventilation (DV) systems, though they both use supply air delivered into a room or space from an access floor.This article presents each system with its different way of working in applications for commercial buildings.

Measurement and calculation of the neutral height in a room with displacement ventilation

Thanks to an environmental chamber equipped with a displacement ventilation system, neutral height measurements were carried out with the presence of a heated mannequin and other heat sources.The relationship between the neutral height for air distribution and the ventilation load in a room with displacement ventilation was investigated.

Theoretical and experimental investigation of impinging jet ventilation and comparison with wall displacement ventilation.

Experimental data for an impinging jet in a room are presented in this paper and non-dimensional expressions for the decay of maximum velocity over the floor are derived. The performance of that system is compared with the one of a wall displacement ventilation.

Displacement ventilation environments with chilled ceilings: thermal comfort design within the context of the BS EN ISO7730 versus adaptive debate

The current design standard BS EN ISO 7730 is based upon the work of Fanger dated 1995, dealing with a steady-state human heat balance model that leads to a prediction of the sensation of human thermal comfort for a given set of thermal conditions. That model was then developed for "conventional" environments. But is the current standard still applicable to more sophisticated environments such as offices with chilled ceiling, in combination with displacement ventilation ? This paper presents findings from a study that sought to answer that question.

Measurements of air temperatures close to a low-velocity diffuser in displacement ventilation using an infrared camera

The authors have developed a whole-field measuring technique that allows the visualization of air temperatures and airflow patterns over a large cross-section. For that measurement, an infrared camera and a measuring screen placed in the airflow are used. Thanks to that technique, real-time images within large areas can be recorded and transient events can be captured. The method was applied to a flow from a low-velocity diffuser in displacement ventilation.

Validation of a CFD model for temperature and particulate concentration in a test room with mixed air and displacement ventilation

This study aims to validate a CFD model (Flovent) for calculation of temperature and particulate concentration in a ventilated room. Measurements were operated in a test room with a heat source and a cigarette source. Good agreement was found with the model for temperatures with a mixed ventilation system in the room as well as with a displacement ventilation system. For particulate concentrations, the model was validated for mixed ventilation and 'borderline validated' with displacement ventilation.