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displacement ventilation

Thermal comfort of seated occupants in rooms with personalized ventilation combined with mixing or displacement ventilation

The performance of two personalized ventilation systems combined with mixing or displacement ventilation was studied under different conditions in regard to thermal comfort of seated occupants. The cooling performance of personalized ventilation was found to be independent of room air distribution. Differences between the personalized air terminal devices were identified in terms of
the cooling distribution over the manikins body. The personalized ventilation supplying air from the

Displacement ventilation

Advantages and drawbacks of a Displacement Ventilation system are presented in this paper, in comparison with the traditional "mixing" ventilation cooling systems.

Indoor air quality on displacement ventilation in the tropics a chamber study

This paper presents the indoor air quality performance of a displacement ventilation system ina thermal chamber. This study consists of two sets of experiments. In the first experiment, thethermal chamber was operated under displacement ventilation (DV) mode with the relativehumidity (RH) set at about 65% while the ambient temperature (AT) at 1.3 m height variedfrom 22 to 26C. In the second experiment, all the conditions are the same except that theventilation strategy is changed to mixing ventilation (MV).

Design methods for air distribution systems and comparison between mixing ventilation and displacement ventilation

The paper will discuss design models for the air distribution system in an office with twopersons. The comparisons are made between mixing ventilation and displacement ventilationand they are based on a maximum velocity assumption and a restricted vertical temperaturegradient in the room. The comparison is extended by considering both the local discomfortcaused by draught rating (DR) and the percentage of dissatisfied due to the temperaturegradient (PD).

Mixing and displacement ventilation compared in classrooms; distribution of particles, cat allergen and CO2

Mixing ventilation and displacement ventilation were compared in an intervention study inclassrooms. Particles, cat allergen and CO2, were measured in classroom air at different levelsabove the floor, during regular lessons. With mixing ventilation, the particle concentrationtended to decrease with height, with a stronger gradient occurring for larger particles. Withdisplacement ventilation, the particle concentration increased with height, except for particles>25 m. The displacement system thus tended to have a slight upward displacement effect onmost of the particles.

The influence on ventilation efficiency in typical dwelling with floor-based displacement ventilation

The characteristics of the climate in Taiwan are high temperature and humidity. In order to solvethese basic problems in dwellings, a meteorological station was established in Fulong(northeastern part of Taiwan) to document the detailed microclimatic information of indoor andambient environments during 4 years. According to the hydrodynamics and thermal mechanics,the new ventilation strategy was developed with the thermal mass cooling-down systemconstructed as the porous floor in a full-scale climate chamber.

Relative influence of boundary conditions on the indoor air quality of a displacement ventilated room

In the indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment of ventilated enclosures it is useful to know therelative influence of key boundary conditions on the personal exposure and ventilationeffectiveness, for instance as a source of information on where to allocate the greatest effortin the design phase. CFD is used to predict ventilation effectiveness and personal exposure tocontaminant sources in a displacement ventilated room subject to variation of several keyboundary conditions.

Influence of geometry of thermal manikins on concentration distribution and personal exposure

A number of different thermal manikins have been applied in literature to experimentallystudy the indoor environment. These manikins differ in size, shape and level of geometriccomplexity ranging from simple box or cylinder shaped thermal manikins to humanlikebreathing thermal manikins. None of the reported studies, however, deals with the influenceof geometry of the thermal manikin.

A thermal comfort study on displacement ventilation in the tropics

This paper presents the performance of a displacement ventilation system in a thermalchamber with tropical subjects. The chamber is served by an Air-Conditioning andMechanical Ventilation (ACMV) system in either Mixing or Displacement Ventilation modes.In the experiments, tropical subjects were surveyed with respect to their thermal sensationsunder different room conditions in either displacement ventilation or mixing ventilation.Objective measurements such as room air temperature, air velocity and relative humidity weremeasured at different heights in the chamber.

Estimating performance of thermal displacement HVAC systems using heat balance-based simulation programs

This paper will address the shortcomings of typical heat balance-based HVAC design and analysis software when applied to thermal displacement ventilation (TDV) system design. The performance characteristics of thermal displacement systems that lead to inaccurate calculations from heat balancebased programs are discussed. Finally, the paper presents an approach for estimating the performance of TDV systems using existing heat-based calculation tools that responds to most of the significant differences between overhead mixing systems and thermal displacement systems.