Numerical analysis of particle behaviors in indoor air using Lagrangian method

As particles in room air can cause lung diseases, it is important to study how they are transported and dispersed in buildings. This investigation numerically studied particle dispersion by using the Lagrangian approach. The turbulent airflow is solved by the RNG k-e model; and a discontinuous random walk (DRW) model is applied to account for the stochastic effect of particle movement in turbulent flow. The computed results agree reasonably well with the experimental data for particle dispersion in a wind tunnel.

Plane Stratified Flow in a Room Ventilated by Displacement Ventilation

The air movement in the occupied zone of a room ventilated by displacement ventilation exists as a stratified flow along the floor. This flow can be radial or plane according to the number of wall-mounted diffusers and the room geometry. This paper addresses the situations where plane flow is obtained and a semianalytic expression for the velocity level in the occupied zone is given.

Validation of a CFD model for several displacement ventilation geometries

Fläkt Woods, which manufactures a wide range of ventilation equipment, has undertaken a programme of experimental verification of the concepts of new displacement ventilation equipment, as well as validation of a CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) package

CFD Simulation of Air Distribution in Displacement Ventilated Rooms with a Moving Object

Numerical experiments by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation were done toinvestigate air distribution in displacement ventilated rooms with a moving person, which affects thermal stratification of indoor air required for controlling and maintaining good air quality and high efficient ventilation performance. The distributions of indoor air and ventilation effectiveness obtained by the simulation were compared with the experiments using a full-scale room model.

Numerical Study of Particle Dispersion in Displacement Ventilated Rooms

A three-dimensional drift-flux model combined with the deposition boundary conditions for wall surfaces in ventilated rooms are presented to study the particle dispersion in displacement ventilation rooms. Three ventilating air flow rates, 2 ACH, 5 ACH, 8 ACH and several particle sizes, 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 micron, are investigated. The results show that the particle dispersion characteristics are very different in displacement ventilated rooms with different air supply volume. In rooms with the same air supply volume, large-diameter particles diffuse more widely than small ones.

Thermal comfort of seated occupants in rooms with personalized ventilation combined with mixing or displacement ventilation

The performance of two personalized ventilation systems combined with mixing or displacement ventilation was studied under different conditions in regard to thermal comfort of seated occupants. The cooling performance of personalized ventilation was found to be independent of room air distribution. Differences between the personalized air terminal devices were identified in terms of
the cooling distribution over the manikins body. The personalized ventilation supplying air from the

Displacement ventilation

Advantages and drawbacks of a Displacement Ventilation system are presented in this paper, in comparison with the traditional "mixing" ventilation cooling systems.

Indoor air quality on displacement ventilation in the tropics a chamber study

This paper presents the indoor air quality performance of a displacement ventilation system ina thermal chamber. This study consists of two sets of experiments. In the first experiment, thethermal chamber was operated under displacement ventilation (DV) mode with the relativehumidity (RH) set at about 65% while the ambient temperature (AT) at 1.3 m height variedfrom 22 to 26C. In the second experiment, all the conditions are the same except that theventilation strategy is changed to mixing ventilation (MV).

Design methods for air distribution systems and comparison between mixing ventilation and displacement ventilation

The paper will discuss design models for the air distribution system in an office with twopersons. The comparisons are made between mixing ventilation and displacement ventilationand they are based on a maximum velocity assumption and a restricted vertical temperaturegradient in the room. The comparison is extended by considering both the local discomfortcaused by draught rating (DR) and the percentage of dissatisfied due to the temperaturegradient (PD).

Mixing and displacement ventilation compared in classrooms; distribution of particles, cat allergen and CO2

Mixing ventilation and displacement ventilation were compared in an intervention study inclassrooms. Particles, cat allergen and CO2, were measured in classroom air at different levelsabove the floor, during regular lessons. With mixing ventilation, the particle concentrationtended to decrease with height, with a stronger gradient occurring for larger particles. Withdisplacement ventilation, the particle concentration increased with height, except for particles>25 m. The displacement system thus tended to have a slight upward displacement effect onmost of the particles.