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An Energy Efficient Air Conditioning System using Displacement Ventilation and Chilled Ceiling for Modern Office Buildings

Thermal comfort and indoor air quality (IAQ) play a vital role in creating a pleasant and healthier indoor environment for occupants. The supply air conditions and the concentration of CO2 contaminant present in the supply air can decide the comfort level and purity of air in indoor environments. In this study, an effort was made to investigate the combined effect of a chilled ceiling and displacement ventilation (CC-DV) air conditioning (A/C) system that would possibly achieve good thermal comfort and IAQ in a proposed office building subjected to hot and humid climatic conditions.

3DFLOW Development and Validation for Three Cases - Downward Mixing, Partition and Displacement Ventilation

The 3DFLOW code has been developed based on:
· The standard three-dimensional K-epsilon two-equation turbulence model;
· A modification for buoyancy effects;
· Wall functions applied to deal with solid boundary conditions;
· An adaptation of the SIMPLE algorithm.
The representative indoor air flows in conditioned spaces, including downward mixing, partition and displacement ventilation cases, were simulated and analysed in detail using the 3DFLOW code. Good agreement was found between the numerical predictions and experimental data.

VERTICAL PROFILE OF CONTAMINANT CONCENTRATION IN SICKROOM WITH LYING PERSON VENTILATED BY DISPLACEMENT

In the sickroom, high indoor air quality and thermal comfort is essential for the treatment of patients.Therefore it is proposed to use displacement ventilation for the whole room ventilation and the radiantpanel for the thermal comfort of each bed. This study is intended to investigate validity of this system.This paper shows the experimental and calculated results of the displacement-ventilated room with onebed and one radiant panel. The vertical profile of contaminant concentration and temperature aremeasured and compared with the calculated ones.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE SWIRLING INDUCTION TYPE DISPLACEMENT HVAC SYSTEM FOR LARGE ENCLOSURES

The ordinary displacement ventilation system (DV) needs large installation spaces for large supplydiffusers with lower supply air velocity to avoid the draft discomfort at the foot level, and large supply airvolume to control allowable vertical temperature gradient within the occupied zone. Furthermore, theDV is difficult to heat without other warming means in the winter. The swirling induction type HVACsystem (SWIT) was developed as utilizing a compact air diffuser increasing the induction function bymeans of swirling air jets.

A NUMERICAL STUDY ON NATURAL VENTILATION OF TWO CONNECTED CHAMBERS IN CONNECTION WITH AN AMBIENT ENVIRONMENT

A numerical simulation study on natural ventilation of two connected chambers in connection with anambient environment is presented in the paper. Extending a model of single-room displacementventilation, this study addresses a space consisting of two chambers connected by one opening at thelow level of the shared wall. A thermal load is placed only in one chamber, referred as a forced chamber,and the other chamber, unforced chamber, has no heat load. The space is connected to the outsideambient environment to have displacement ventilation in both chambers.

CFD ANALYSIS OF INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY IN COMMUTER TRAIN

In this paper, the indoor environmental quality for the commuter train space was analyzed for assumingthe load factor of seat capacity to be a parameter of analysis. Especially flow fields, temperature and airquality distributions in vehicle space were analyzed by using CFD technique. Furthermore, it reports onthe result of examining the controllability of indoor climate in the vehicle when the displacementventilation system was applied in it.

Overview of Recent Dutch Studies on Environmental Tobacco Smoke

In this study the question whether or not and to what extend ventilation and air cleaning can contribute to the reduction of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in the hospitality industry is answered. First a literature review on ventilation and air cleaning technologies has been executed. Unfortunately, only a few papers reporting experimental data from the hospitability industry were available to answer the proposed question. Therefore a model describing the effect of different ventilation systems and building layouts has been set up.

Determining ventilation strategy to defend indoor environment against contamination by integrated accessibility of contaminant source (IACS)

How to avoid or reduce the influence of suddenly released contaminant when emergency occurs ? A 3D Full scale room with displacement and mixing ventilation system is numerically studied assuming contaminant released at certain positions in the room. IACS is adopted as an index that can be applied to determine ventilation strategy with the aim of defending indoor environment against contamination.

Extension of a Two-Equation Turbulence Model for Displacement Ventilation Systems

The paper presents an extension of a two-equation turbulence model to predict the airflow fordisplacement ventilation systems. First, every flow effect is investigated separately natural convection along a vertical wall and above a person as well as mixed convection at the floor. Second, a CFD analysis of a test room is compared to full scale measurements. The modified two-equation turbulence model leads to a good agreement of the measurements and the calculations.

Parametric Study on a Displacement Ventilation System Using Three-Dimensional CFD

This paper examines airflow in rooms for a displacement ventilation system using threedimensionalCFD. A parametric study is executed for a typical office room with a dimension of 6m by 6m by 3m height according to a variety of supply air velocities, supply air temperatures and heat sourceconditions. A finite volume method and standard k- e turbulence model is employed to solve the governing equations. As a result, the temperature field in the modeled room for a displacement ventilation system is concluded according to a variety of the above parameters.

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