Design of low-energy cooling systems by using coupled energy simulation and computational fluid dynamics

This paper demonstrates the importance of the combined use of an energy simulation program and a CFD program for an accurate design of two low energy cooling systems : displacement ventilation and a combined chilled ceiling with displacement ventilation.

A simplified model for human induced convective air flows - Model predictions compared to experimental data.

This paper proposes a simple mathematical model for calculation of the convective air flow rate induced by humans. That model has been then compared to a more complex one and to experimental data with satisfactory results.

Displacement ventilation for room air moisture control in hot and humid climate

Few studies dealing with the effect of displacement ventilation on humidity gradient in a hot and humid region have been made . In this paper it is done with a case-study approach (measurements were made in a factory located in the Tropics). The results indicate that the humidity gradient is as significant as the temperature gradient..

Vertical distribution of contaminant concentration in rooms with floor-supply displacement ventilation

The experiment was conducted by means of a scaled-room wtih floor supply ventilation system, it intended to know the vertical distribution of contaminant concentration emitted from a human body. The validity of the models has been proved in so far as the calculated concentrations were almost equal to the measured values.

Design methods and evaluation of thermal comfort for mixing and displacement ventilation

Measurements are made first in a full-scale room ventilated with a mixing ventilation, and later with a displacement ventilation. A new method to design mixing ventilation is established. A comparison shows the thermal comfort obtained with the two systems.

Influence of moving object on air distribution in ventilated rooms

Experiment and CFD simulation show the influence of moving person simulator (of cylinder shape) and thermal manikins on air distribution in ventilated rooms.

Effect of replacement of air systems on kitchen comfort

The impact on thermal comfort of the way of introducing replacement air (to replace air being exhausted by the hood) in a kitchen was analysed using mathematical models and laboratory experiments with a tyhermal mannequin. Results allow to rank systems for replacement air introduction from the most to the least tolerable : displacement ventilation, mixing ventilation with ceiling air diffusers, front-face discharge and backdrop plenum.

Effects of velocity variations in ventilated rooms on comfort, affect and cognitive performance

96 human subjects (18 years age students from a Swedish high school) were submitted in an experimental room furnished as a classroom to different air flows issued from different ventilation systems : displacement with constant air flow rate, alternating between displacement (floor diffusers) and mixing ventilation (ceiling diffusers) with constant flow rate, mixing ventilation with varying flow rate, displacement with constant flow rate and with ceiling fans to generate air motions alternatively on and off.

Experimental and numerical studies on local high efficiency air conditioning system for office buildings

The effects of an air conditioning system for office buildings were studied experimentally and computationally. A displacement ventilation system was used as the main air-conditioning system, and a partition with a built-in circular fan was used to deliver the air-conditioned clean air near the floor supplied by the main displacement system to the occupant in the office directly.

Numerical and experimental investigations of air-flow and temperature patterns of a low velocity diffuser

In this article, four turbulence models are studied to capture the flow and temperature behavior of the air close to a low-velocity diffuser for displacement ventilation. Turbulence is modeled by means of one zero-equation model and three different two-equation models, i.e. the LVEL, the RNG, the Standard k-e, and the Chen-Kim model. They are evaluated for their performance in predicting the air flow patterns and temperature profiles close to the diffuser.