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displacement ventilation

Influence of office layout and ceiling height on vertical temperature gradient in office rooms with displacement ventilation

An accurate temperature gradient calculation is essential for displacement ventilation (DV) system design, since it directly relates to the calculation of supply air flow rate. Several simplified nodal models were developed and implemented in the various building simulation programmes in order to estimate the temperature stratification in rooms with displacement ventilation. However, the most commonly used models do not count the types and locations of the typical heat loads in rooms with displacement ventilation.

Thermal Comfort and indoor air quality in Drøbak Montessori School – A case study of Norway’s first plusenergy school

Drøbak Montessori lower secondary school is Norway’s first plus-energy school and also the first school built after the Norwegian Powerhouse-concept, www.powerhouse.no. This concept implies that the building shall produce more renewable energy during the lifetime of the building, than used for materials, production, operation, renovation and demolition.  

Contaminant stratification in displacement ventilated spaces - a two zone model approach. Model prediction compared to experimental data

Displacement ventilation (DV) is an alternative to conventional mixing ventilation in various types of rooms. DV is superior to mixing ventilation when it comes to removing contaminants and surplus heat in a room if designed and applied correctly. In the design process of a space with DV it is necessary to have design methods and simulation tools that can predict the vertical contaminant stratification that arise.

Impact of Clothing, Breathing and Body Posture on the Shaping of a Thermal Plume above a Human

The impact of clothing, breathing and body posture on the thermal plume above a thermal manikin was investigated. Measurements of air velocity and temperature above the manikin were performed at four different heights above a sitting and a lying manikin. The results obtained from tests above the sitting manikin show an inverse proportion between the thermal insulation of clothing and the air velocity in the thermal plume. Air velocity in the thermal plume with the breathing function switched on equalled 90-98% of the values obtained for non-breathing experiments.

Modeling human exposure to particles in indoor environments using a drift-flux model

This study developed a drift-flux model for particle movements in turbulent indoor airflows. To account for the process of particle deposition at solid boundaries in the numerical model, a semi-empirical deposition model was adopted in which the sizedependent deposition characteristics were well resolved. After validation against the experimental data, the drift-flux model was used to investigate human exposures to particles in three normally-used ventilation types: mixing ventilation (MV), displacement ventilation (DV), and under-floor air distribution (UFAD).

Numerical Simulation of Thermal Comfort Degree in Radiant Floor Cooling Room

As a comfortable and energy-efficient air conditioning system, the application of radiant floor heating system is increasing greatly used in the north of China. Now, more and more people begin to be aware of the problem of thermal comfort degree in radiant floor cooling room. This study aims at developing a radiant floor cooling system using the existing radiant floor heating system. Unlike an all-air cooling system, the radiant floor cooling system could remove the cooling by convection and radiation.

Comparison of displacement ventilation and mixing ventilation systems with regard to ventilation effectiveness in offices

Air quality in offices depends on the ventilation system ability to remove contaminants from the occupied zone. In a low polluted building air quality mainly depends on the human presence and carbon dioxide is normally used as indicator of human bioeffluents.

Influence of Partition Curtain on Vertical Profile of Temperature and Contaminant Concentration in Sickroom with Displacement Ventilation

For patients, the sickroom is a place where they receive medical treatment and also a living space where they spend most of time in a day. Therefore, good indoor air quality and comfort should be kept in sickroom. We propose to use the displacement ventilation as a means of obtaining high indoor air quality in sickrooms. The purpose of the study is to examine the validity of this system. This paper shows the experiment results and CFD analysis results to examine the effect of partition curtain in the displacement-ventilated room.

Year-round Energy Saving Potential for a Stratum Ventilated Subtropical Office

Stratum ventilation has been proposed to cope for elevated indoor temperature recommended by governments in East Asia. TRNSYS is used for computation of the space cooling load and system energy consumption. A typical Hong Kong office is investigated. Compared with mixing ventilation and displacement ventilation, stratum ventilation derives its energy saving potential largely from the following two factors: a reduced ventilation load and increased coefficients of performance (COP) for chillers.

Field Study Assessment of the Performance of Displacement Air Distribution in a Canadian School during the Heating Season

Stratified ventilation systems use a fundamentally different approach to supply heated or cooled air through a building than the ‘fully mixed and dilution’ ventilation systems found in the majority of non-residential buildings. Stratified air distribution creates a non-uniform environment in terms of temperature and pollutant distribution, and acceptable conditions in the occupied zone. Previous research has shown that this type of system works well for regions where buildings require year-round cooling.

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