Modularizing and Validating CFD Parts of Four-way Cassette Type Outlets

In this paper, we created the CFD parts of four-way cassette type outlets for predicting easily the thermal environment of an office with packaged unit air-conditioning systems. At first we measured detail distributions of wind velocity around the cassette type outlets in two cases of angles of flap in an experiment room with particle image velocimetry (PIV).

Modelling wind driven airflow rate with CFD and verification of approximation formulas based on wind pressure coefficients

An isothermal CFD study was made of a building perpendicular to the wind direction. The building was modelled with a closed façade, and consecutively with one and multiple openings. The sensitivity was investigated for different turbulence models, meshes and near wall treatments, both in 2D and 3D. A large sensitivity was found to the modelling options with regard to the predicted wind pressure coefficients (Cp) distribution, but less with regard to the predicted flow rate through the openings.

Development of Zonal Model for Predicting Temperature Distribution inside an Office Room with Hybrid Air-conditioning System

Recently, the hybrid air-conditioning system that used natural ventilation together with a mechanical air-conditioning was proposed. Hybrid air conditioning system is expected to be saving energy and maintain keep indoor thermal environment comfort.

Influence of the Configuration of Consecutive Street Canyons and Atmospheric Stability

This research, based on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis, focuses on the wind characteristics and the ventilation performance in the consecutive street canyons produced by various building complex configurations. In this research, the buildings in the street canyon space were distributed in either staggered or normal arrangements and, in consideration of the varying distribution and height of different buildings, high-rise buildings, middle-rise buildings and low-rise buildings were all included.

Prediction of Heat Emission Effect at Small Single-sided Openings in Apartment Houses

In this study, we propose a method for forecasting heat emission effect in a small single-sided slit opening. In order to make a heat flux forecasting model, we carried out field measurement, wind tunnel experiment, and CFD analysis. In the field measurement, we measured heat flux and grasped the relationship of heat flux of the opening and airflow around the building surface. In the wind tunnel experiment, we measured airflow around the opening and grasped turbulence characteristics.

A Study on Indoor Environments Made by Thin Line Type Ventilators in Apartment Houses

Total heat recovery type ventilators that are connected to each room with ducts are mainly installed in Korea, but they raise concern over duct pollution. In this study, indoor environments made by thin line type ventilators installed in dwelling units of apartment houses are investigated by CFD. Results show the case that thin line type ventilators installed in each room - including kitchens - make the best indoor environment that maintains air velocity at under 0.25m/s, and evenly distributes the age of air in all areas.

Exposure Risk Assessment by Coupled Analysis of CFD and SIR model in Enclosed Space

The indoor environment can play a significant role in the transmission and exposure of various contaminants. In some emerging aerial infections, such as influenza virus, tuberculosis virus, and other biological and chemical contaminants, the airborne route of transmission is thought to be important to evaluate exposure health risk.

Numerical Prediction of Airflow and Temperature Distribution in Large-Scale Agricultural PVC Greenhouse

Large-scale greenhouses are usually adopted to control the indoor climate conditions in agriculture. The envelope of agricultural greenhouses generally consists of a PVC (polyvinyl chloride) sheet, which produces a so-called greenhouse effect and protection from harmful insects. In winter, a supplementary heating device in greenhouses is needed because of the lower outdoor temperature and the non-uniform distribution of indoor temperature.

Computational Analysis of Wind-Driven Natural Ventilation in a Two Sided Rectangular Wind Catcher

Wind catchers are natural ventilation systems attached to buildings in order to ventilate the indoor air. In order to design and evaluate the performance of wind catchers, as a natural ventilation system, an accurate CFD simulation of indoor airflow and outdoor wind flow is fundamental. It is widely known that there are a large number of computational parameters influencing CFD simulations. Consequently, comprehensive sensitivity analyses of the effect of these parameters on the simulation results are essential to provide guidance for the evaluation of a CFD study.

A Study on the Indoor Environment of the Main Building of the National Museum of Western Art, in Japan, for the Development of a Retrofit Scheme

The National Museum of Western Art is the only work of Le Corbusier in Japan and 50 years have already passed since its construction. In order to maintain the museum’s value as a cultural asset, there is an urgent need to draft a thorough retrofit plan both to maintain the building’s function as an art museum and to restore Le Corbusier’s original design concept.