AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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carbon dioxide

Totally metabolic?

In principle, the results of carbon dioxide monitoring can be used to evaluate building ventilation rates and provide an indication of perceived indoor air quality. Here we review current knowledge about the use of metabolically-produced co2 in indoor air quality evaluation and control.

Regional and national estimates of the potential energy use, energy cost and CO2 emissions associated with radon mitigation by sub-slab depressurization.

Active sub-slab depressurization (SSD) systems are an effective means of reducing indoor radon concentrations in residential buildings. However, energy is required to operate the system fan and to heat or cool the resulting increased building ventilation. We present  regional and national estimates of the energy requirements, operating expenses and C02 emissions associated with using SSD systems at saturation (i.e. in all US homes with radon concentrations above the EPA remediation guideline and either basement or slab-on-grade construction) .

Ventilation and air quality in an office building.

The aim of this study is to assess the performance of the mechanical ventilation system and air quality in an office building. The perfluorocarbon tracer (PFT) technique was used to measure air flow in an air handling unit and to estimate flow rates supplied to the office. In order to validate the PFT technique as a viable means of measuring air flow in the mechanical ventilation system, the PFT measurements were compared with measurements made using a pitot-static tube. Air exchange range, ventilation effectiveness and age of air were examined.

Energy use and carbon emissions: some international comparisons.

This study was undertaken in response to a request by U.S. Representative Philip R.

Simple and Cheap Air Change Rate Measurement Using CO2 Concentration Decays

Buildings are aired to evacuate indoor pollutants, in particular those produced by the occupants. CO2 is a good indicator of occupancy, as long as there is no other significant source. This is the case in most buildings. Cheap, portable analysers and loggers that allow easy recording of the CO2 concentration in a room or in the exhaust duct of a ventilation system are available on the market. The peak value of CO2 concentration during occupancy is an indicator of the minimum air flow rate per person.