Exposures in homes constitute the major part of exposures to airborne pollutants experienced through the human lifetime. They can constitute from 60 to 95% of our total lifetime exposures, of which 30% occurs when we sleep.
The AIVC's collection of technical notes on subjects including ventilation, infiltration, indoor air movement, and measurement techniques.
TN 67: Building airtightness: a critical review of testing, reporting and quality schemes in 10 countries | 2012 | English | 40 pp
This report gives a critical review of steps taken in 10 countries (Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Japan, Sweden, UK, USA) with regard to testing and reporting schemes as well as overall quality approaches to improve buil
TN 66: Building air leakage databases in energy conservation policies: analysis of selected initiatives in 4 European countries and the USA | 2012 | English | 24 pp
We collected information on existing envelope air leakage databases from countries that are involved in the AIVC-TightVent project “Development and applications of building air leakage databases”.
Energy use for fan operation can be significantly reduced by a 3-flanked approach:
Due to the rapid urbanization and modernization of Korea, the demand for housing has increased considerably more than in other countries.
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in the centre of Europe. The area of the Czech Republic is 78,866 km² and its population is about 10.4 million people.
Low income households in developed and less developed countries suffer from serious indoor environmental problems like heat stress, lack of comfort and poor indoor air quality.
Because of specific urban characteristics, the potential of natural ventilation can be seriously decreased in the urban environment because of reduced wind speeds, high ambient temperatures and increased external pollutant and noise levels.
TN 60: Efficacy of Intermittent Ventilation for Providing Acceptable Indoor Air Quality | 2006 | English | 27 pp
Ventilation standards and guidelines typically treat ventilation as a constant and specify its value.
TN 59: Parameters for the design of demand controlled hybrid ventilation systems for residential buildings | 2005 | English | 120 pp
This AIVC Technical Note has been produced in the frame of the EU RESHYVENT project, conducted from January 2002 to December 2004. An outline of this project is given in the introduction of this report.
The basic strategy for providing indoor air quality in residences is to dilute indoor sources with outdoor air.
Ventilation is required to provide to remove or dilute pollutants and incidentally meets metabolic oxygen requirements for occupants.
TN 56: A review of international literature related to ductwork for ventilation systems | 2002 | English | 62 pp
Ductwork is used for transport of air used for ventilation or air conditioning in buildings. The supply air is typically conditioned (filtered, warmed or cooled, sometimes humidified or dehumidified).
TN 55: A Review of International Ventilation, Airtightness, Thermal Insulation and Indoor Air Quality Criteria | 2001 | English | 203 pp
This review attempts to summarise available airtightness, minimum ventilation rate and indoor air quality requirements, standards, codes of practice and regulations.
TN 54: Residential Passive Ventilation Systems: Evaluation and Design - A Critical Evaluation of the Potential for Adapting European Systems for use in North America and Development of a General Design Method | 2001 | English | 158 pp
Infiltration has long served the residential ventilation needs in North America.
In recent years a substantial number of monitoring exercises have been made to determine the way in which occupants react to and/or are affected by the indoor environment. These cover a diverse range of aspects including:
The first chapter aims to provide the reader with an overview of the basics of acoustics, which are required as part of the ventilation systems design process.
In recent years, the 'usability' of ventilation and air infiltration models (both public domain and commercially available) has increased greatly. Possible areas of application for 15 such models are identified in this report.
Current ventilation practice in large non-domestic buildings as well as future trends and developments are all examined in this publication. Examples considered include atria, auditoria, sports halls, enclosed shopping malls and offices.
TN 49: Energy impact of ventilation: estimates for the service and residential sectors. | 1998 | English | 43 pp
To quantify the energy impact of air change on total energy use, the AIVC has been conducting a study of current estimates for non-industrial buildings in thirteen major industrialised countries.