International Building Simulation Conference, Nice, France, 1991.

Contains 85 abstracts.

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The present paper shows a possible way to make simulation computer codes more easy to use by nonspecialists. The basic idea is to implement a code which translates the building representation into a suitable thermal model.
Nicolas Morel, Florence Hagen
From the observation that existing simulation programs exploit neither the subjacent parallelism in building energy management problems nor parallel computer possibilities, we develop certain principles and apply them to a well-known program, TRNS
P.Y. Glorennec, R. El Boussarghini
The TEF (Transfer Evolution Formalism) and the ZOOM software (Zone Organized Optimal Modelling) have been developped in order to give a flexible framework for physics oriented modelling.
J.L. Dufresne, J. L. Bonin, C. Butto
The present means of building representation, fall short in establishing a common modelling base for the various application specific analysis and simulation programs, describing building behavior and performance.
Albert A.J. Pols
This paper deals with an optimal control algorithm which enables to regulate the heating installation of a building with discontinuous occupation. The control structure is based on the quadratic optimization principle.
H. Zhao
The need for increasingly sharp modelling of building energy behaviour allowing comfort to be evaluated within a heated, ventilated dwelling room leads Electricite De France ADE Department to develop an air interior movement simulation model.
H. Bouia, P. Dalicieux
This paper summarizes a study on the extent of computer use by industrialized housing producers in the U.S., Japan, Sweden and Norway.
G. Z. Brown, Margot McDonald, Matt Meacham
Increasing design standards within the building industry mean that some form of pre-construction testing of the building envelope is required.
John F. Kendrick
Zonal models are a promising way to predict air movement in a room with respect to comfort conditions and gradient of temperature because they require extremely low computer time and may be therefore rather easily included in multizone air movemen
C. Inard, D. Buty
The presentation of most HVAC simulation programs are out of date and batch processing type. Their use is complex and often requires a good data processing knowledge.
H. Riaux, M. Molnar, J. Miriel, P. Boinet
A first order correction to uni-directional heat transfer is proposed, so that multi-dimensional heat transfer effects can be accounted for with only a moderate increase in storage and CPU timerequirements.
Samuel Hassid
This paper describes the objectives of International Energy Agency (IEA) Annex 21 and the ongoing work of Subtask B which deals with how programs should be used for particular applications.
B. Warren, T. J. Wiltshire, D. P. Bloomfield, F. Parand
While advanced models for combined heat and moisture transfer have been available in the community of building scientists within the last two decades, such models have not yet become an item in the toolbox of consultants, building designers or man
Carsten Rode Pedersen
Fast accurate micro-computer simulations of the thermal, lighting, and energy performance of buildings offers the promise of informing architects' design decision-making.
Murray Milne, Upadi Yuliatmo
This paper describes the techniques used within the ESP environment# to simulate coupled heat and mass flows in integrated building and plant systems.
J.L.M. Hensen, J.A. Clarke
This paper presents a new, improved method for designing radiant panel heating systems using accepted thermal comfort criteria, mean radiant temperature, and radiant asymmetry as bases for decision making.
Loukas N. Kalisperis, Mitch Steinman
This paper presents a new technique for the thermal systems modelling. This method, based on the structural modularity of a thermal system such as a building belongs to the modal methods family.
B. Flament, I. Blanc Sommereux, A. Neveu
The approach adopted by the Gaz de France Research Center for the modelling-simulation of building performance separates as far as possible modelling from simulation. Emphasis is placed on modelling and its validation.
Louis Laret, Alexandre Jeandel
As part of visualization of interior luminous environment in daylighting a programme (NATUREL) has been developed at CSTB. It allows to take into account complex shapes of building, furniture and apertures.
Michel Perraudeau, Gérard Le Strat
A numerical study of turbulent air flow in ventilated multi-room configurations, where both of buoyancy- and radiation-effects are of importance, is described in this paper.
Bai Xue-Song, Li Yuguo, Fuchs Lazslo