Calay R K, Borresen B A, Holdo A E
Bibliographic info:
Energy and Buildings, NO 32, 2000, pp 281-289

A new method for providing ventilation in large enclosures, which utilizes the principle of 'selective withdrawal' of contaminants while ensuring energy-efficiency and allowing a better use of space, is presented in this study. The concept is based on dividing the enclosed space ventilation-wise into separate zones using a combination of horizontal partitions by stratification and vertical partitions by temporary walls. This gives a high degree of flexibility in the use of available space. The relative influence of all the parameters on the flow patterns inside an enclosure is discussed in order to identify the design parameters that should be controlled to apply the technique successfully. An experimental study in a scale model was conducted, which provided a better understanding of the physical processes that occur in such enclosures. The influence of exhaust location on the flow field was studied in particular. It was found that by controlling the position of exhaust the stratification effects are enhanced and maintained at a desired level in order to achieve a successful utilization of the selective ventilation system.