Holst J.N., Novakovic V., Kolsaker K.
Bibliographic info:
The 4th international conference on Cold Climat HVAC, Trondheim, Norway, June 16-18, 2003, Paper 3 , pp 10, 2 Fig., 3 Tab, 11 Ref.

Even though simulation is being increasingly used in design of modern buildings, the full potential of simulation is usually not achieved. To improve building and HVAC system performance, designers usually guess different values of design parameters and then redo the simulation without actual knowing if the guessed value will lead to improvement. This is inefficient and labor intensive. In addition, if the number of design parameters being varied exceeds two or three, the designer can be overwhelmed in trying to understand the nonlinear interactions of the parameters. However, techniques exist that allow automatic, multidimensional optimization of a simulation model, leading to better design with less effort.
In this paper, we describe how an optimization can be done using the generic optimization program GenOpt1 and the simulation program EnergyPlus1. In our case study, the optimization yields 22 % energy savings related to the actual design energy consumption. The measures found by using optimization not only decrease operating costs, but also lead to better daylight usage and thermal comfort, witch results in higher comfort for the building occupants.