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Energy and IAQ friendly variable ventilation rates, according with the proposed indoor air quality regulations included in the Spanish building code.

The Spanish Building Code (BC) regulates indoor air quality (IAQ) requirements in dwellings by establishing threshold continuous flow rates according to the occupancy, use of the rooms and their usable area. The implementation of this threshold flow allow adequate IAQ.
A revised IAQ requirement have been proposed. These new requirement quantifies the IAQ as a function of CO2 concentration which means an non continuous flow rates ventilation systems will be able to be used.

Theoretical and real ventilation heat losses and energy performance in low energy buildings

Ventilation in low energy refurbished buildings is the cause of a big part of energy losses. In order to reduce this impact, some energy regulations prescribe a solution (such as the Swiss energy Law, prescribing heat recovery) and others prescribe a system global performance (such as the EU delegated regulations No 1254 and 1253 /  2004 determining a global energy performance label of the ventilation system).

Mitigating Occupant Exposure to PM2.5s Emitted by Cooking in High Occupancy Dwellings Using Natural Ventilation Strategies

The long term exposure to fine particulate matter with a diameter of ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5) is linked to numerous health problems, including chronic respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. In dwellings, a primary emission source of PM2.5 is cooking, an activity conducted several times per day in most households. People spend over 90% of their time indoors and more time in their homes than any other type of building. Therefore, they are at risk of exposure to elevated levels of PM2.5 emitted by cooking if these particles are not removed at source.

How the filtration of the incoming air decreases the particle concentration within a school equipped with a balanced ventilation system

To study the impact of the filtration efficiency level on the particle concentration in a rural school equipped with a balanced ventilation system with heat recovery, measurements of indoor and outdoor particle concentrations have been carried out by using three different efficiency filters. The tested filters are respectively classed G4, F7 and F9 according to NF EN 779 (2012).

Radon concentration control by ventilation, and energy efficiency improvement

Radon gas is a pathological agent confirmed by World Health Organization in terms of increasing the risk of lung cancer generation when it is inhaled by human in high concentration. This gas comes from soils with uranium content (i.e. granite terrain) and penetrates through the building envelope, such, as floors or basement walls. Its accumulation in indoor spaces increases the radon concentration level, constituting a health problem for occupants. This can be handled by rehabilitation actions in buildings that reduce indoor concentration to acceptable levels.

Influence of air quality performance requirements on the demand of energy

The aim of this paper is to show the effects of variable ventilation rates on the demand of energy and air quality in dwellings, and how airtightness and wind affect this relation. It is interesting to estimate the relation between the air ventilation rate and airtightness of dwellings which makes the dwelling to be under-pressure in order to avoid infiltrations.

Evaluation of Ventilation and IAQ Parameters Measured in Social Housing in Madrid

Within this paper, an evaluation of Indoor Air Quality in residential buildings, and the experience after a building retrofit is shown. One residential building in a Madrid social housing neighbourhood serves as case study and base for the monitoring. 

Implementation of multi-zone ventilation methodology in the Spanish energy performance certification tool

The purpose of this paper is to enhance the importance of ventilation regarding energy use and stablishing methods in order to obtain as much data as possible about the behavior patterns of ventilation and infiltration in buildings.

Improvement of comfort and energy efficiency in existing buildings using adaptive thermal comfort algorithm

Comfort and energy saving are two important concepts treated in current buildings in order to maintain a good air quality reducing the energy consumption. According to International Energy Agency (IEA) buildings represent 32% of total final energy consumption, and the need for reduction of CO2 emission leads to pay attention to the energy demand in buildings. On the other hand maintaining a good-quality environment helps to improve the productivity and effectiveness of workers.

Optimization of the airtightness and the flow rate of air in nearly zero energy buildings

The control of heat losses, inwards/out, in nearly zero energy buildings is of high importance. The transmission losses through the building envelope are easily reduced using larger amounts of insulation. Calculation of the impact of this action on the total energy demand of the building, is quite standard. It’s however much more difficult to determine the efficiency of actions to increase the airtightness of the building and the influence of the ventilation system.

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