Rationale behind ventilation standards and regulations given by 20 countries

International there are many different requirements and regulations for ventilation.  Sometimes the variation is more than a factor of five. There are strong drivers to reduce energy consumption for HVAC, and therefore the spread in requirements and regulation is worthwhile to study. To reduce ventilation flows there is a necessity to understand the reasons behind. Demand control to reduce this flows is in many countries growing but the control parameters are quite different, for instance humidity versus CO2 control.

Ventilation requirements for different rooms as a result on the inquiries in 20 countries

As a result of new inquiries in 20 countries the ventilation requirements will be presented for different rooms in dwellings, offices and schools. These rooms are differentiated between wet rooms such as toilets, bathroom and kitchen and typical rooms for these buildings for instance classrooms and office rooms. The results show big differences between countries. Climate and building style can have an effect on ventilation requirements. Some countries have to only requirements for specific rooms but also for whole house and whole building ventilation.

Occupancy controlled ventilation in refurbished office building, combining presence and CO2 detection

From September 2015 to March 2016, UTC engaged in a major refurbishment of its Design and Research Center located in Culoz (France).

Freevent : ventilative cooling and summer comfort in 9 buildings in France

Recent studies have shown that ventilative cooling reduces overheating, improves summer comfort and decreases cooling loads. Therefore, it is considered as one of the most efficient way to improve summer comfort. Although, HVAC designers still lack of guidelines to improve the energy and comfort efficiency of their installations.  

A review of smart ventilation energy and IAQ performance in residential buildings

In order to better address energy and indoor air quality issues, ventilation needs to become smarter. A key smart ventilation concept is to use controls to ventilate more at times it provides either an energy or IAQ advantage (or both) and less when it provides a disadvantage. This would be done in a manner that provides improved home energy and IAQ performance, relative to a “dumb” base case. A favorable context exists in many countries to develop smart ventilation strategies.

Presentation of a national consultative body on ventilation issues: actors, working groups and projects overview

Indoor environment and indoor air quality (IAQ) are considered as subjects of major concern: as we build more and more energy efficient and airtight buildings, the conflicting issues of energy efficiency, adverse health effects and discomfort become more relevant. Significant rates of malfunctions of ventilation systems are still observed among new constructions.

Development and test of quality management approach for ventilation and indoor air quality in single-family buildings

The “VIA-Qualité” project (2013-2016) aims at developing quality management (QM) approaches (ISO 9001) on ventilation and indoor air quality (IAQ), for low-energy, single-family buildings. The goal of these QM approaches is to improve both ventilation and IAQ actual in-situ performance. The main benefits of those approaches are to: 1-Improve ventilation system performance from design to implementation; 2-Limit indoor internal pollution sources, monitoring building materials selection and design regarding the outdoor pollution sources; 3-Improve final users understanding. 

Industry Views with Respect to Smart Ventilation as an Enabler of Indoor Air Quality

What if all the devices in your life could connect to the internet? Not just computers and smartphones, but everything: clocks, speakers, lights, door bells, cameras, windows, window blinds, hot water heaters, appliances, cooking utensils, you name it. And what if those devices could all communicate, send you information, and take your commands. 

Advances in European residential ventilation systems in Nearly Zero Energy Buildings

Energy performance of buildings has been continuously and systematically improved in Europe with next step of transition to nearly zero energy buildings (NZEB) in 2019-2021. Well insulated and airtight NZEB provide challenges or opportunities – depending on point of view – for ventilation systems. Heat recovery ventilation may be expected to be major ventilation solution because in Continental and Nordic climates, it is simply impossible to build nearly zero energy buildings without heat recovery.

CR18: Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality in New California Homes with Gas Appliances and Mechanical Ventilation

Substantial energy is used to condition the air that enters California homes through leaks in the building envelope and ductwork - typically about a third of all heating and cooling. Reducing this through air sealing is essential to California achieving zero energy homes. However, this outdoor air also dilutes pollutants emitted inside homes and contributes to a healthy indoor environment and acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). To address this IAQ issue, California’s Title 24 Building Standards have required mechanical ventilation in new homes since 2008.