Effect of reduced evaporator airflow on the high temperature performance of air conditioners.

Two residential sized air conditioners were tested in psychrometric rooms at reduced evaporator airflows ranging from 0 to 50% below that recommended by the manufacture of each of the units. Outdoor temperatures ranged from 35 to 49 °C. One of the units used a thermal expansion valve for flow control while the other unit used in short tube orifice. Performance of the units was quantified by the capacity, power, coefficient of performance, and sensible heat ratio.

Measurement of thermal stratification in large single-cell buildings.

This paper describes measured temperature profiles and thermal stratification in eight aircraft hangar buildings during the heating season. Presented also is the predicted impact of thermal stratification on heating energy requirements. The hangar buildings included two main ceiling heights (9.35 and 17.1 m (31 and 56 ft)), two ceiling types (fiat and Quonset), two types of heating systems (vertical discharge forced warm air and downdraft convective unit heaters), and various types of large external doors.