Elevated temperatures in urban 'heat islands' increase cooling energy use and accelerate the formation of urban smog. Urban shade _trees and light-colored surfaces can offset or reverse the heat island and conceive energy. Implementation of heat island mitigation measures is now a prominent part of President Clinton's Climate Change Action Plan to control the emissions of greenhouse gases, necessitating a better understanding of the quantitative benefits of these control measures.
Depending on the demands regarding the size and location of the occupation zone and the need for outdoor air flow rates, different ventilation systems and air supply devices have to be used in different kinds of buildings. The occupation zone in a residential building can be dficult to define, as many different activities can take place. Furthermore the hrnishings of the room can change with time. The highest air velocities and the lowest air temperatures in the occupation zone will often occur close to inlet air devices.