AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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Simulation analysis on the fresh air handling unit with liquid desiccant total heat recovery

A liquid desiccant fresh air processor is presented whose driven force is low-grade heat (65~70℃ hot water). Inside the processor, the desired cooling source for air’s dehumidification is indoor exhaust air’s evaporative cooling energy. Multi-stage structure is used to get higher total heat recovery efficiency of indoor exhaust air. The mathematical model of the fresh air processor is set up and realized by SIMULINK procedure. As the practical liquid desiccant fresh air processor is developed, its performance is tested with average COP (cooling load divided by heat source) 1.3.

Performance numerical analysis on an internally-cooled liquid desiccant dehumidifier

In the internally-cooled liquid desiccant dehumidifier (ICLDD), cooling medium is introduced to carry away the vaporization latent heat, which enhances effectiveness of heat and mass transfer process between liquid desiccant and air. Numerical method is adopted in this paper to analyze the performance of ICLDD. Theoretical model of heat and mass transfer process is established and verified by available experimental results.

HCR of heat pump room air conditioner in China

Definition of heating/cooling capacity ratio (HCR) of the heat pump air conditioner has been put forward in  this study, and the relationship between supply HCR (HCRS) and demand HCR (HCRD) has been illustrated.

Prediction about progress in performance of district heating and cooling system using combined heat and power

This study aims to reveal the advantages of district heating and cooling system (DHC) in energy efficiency as an urban energy system in the future. In this study, an existing absorption-chiller-and-boilertype DHC plant, which utilizes large-scale combined heat and power (CHP), is chosen for a case study. We evaluate the energy-saving potential of the plant in the future by a simulation model.

The utilization of GSHP in the Vangtze river area

The elements and classification of ground source heat pumps (GSHP) are expounded and its prospects in the Yangtze River Area of China were also indicated in the paper. The energy consumption of a model building in the area was simulated with eQUEST tool. Furthermore, the monthly and annual HVAC electric consumption of air source heat pumps (ASHP) and GSHP are contrasted and analyzed, and it is concluded that the GSHP is more efficient than conventional ASHP in the Yangtze River Area.

Multizone building with VAV air-conditioning system simulation for evaluation and test of control systems

Simulation techniques have been playing a more and more important role in research and development of reliable and energy efficient building automatic control solutions. Furthermore, simulation is appraised as being viable to judge building automation and control solutions. Therefore, to test and evaluate control strategies, Siemens Building Technologies (SBT) developed a building and HVAC (heating, ventilation and air-conditioning) plant model library.

Hydronic radiant floor for heating and cooling coupled with an underground heat exchanger: Modeling approach and results

This paper explores the simulation of the thermal performance of a radiant floor for heating and cooling that is connected with an underground heat exchanger installed under the concrete floor of a house. In the heating season, an electric boiler is used to maintain the operative temperature at the set point value by varying the supply water temperature to the radiant slab. In the cooling season, the water from the radiant floor is circulated through an underground heat exchanger installed under the concrete slab.

Double-skin system of room-side air gap applied to detached house (Part 2): Simulation analysis to reduce cooling load through natural ventilation in wall

In Japan, wooden detached residential houses are common; the wood components within a wall may undergo decay because of condensation in the wall or flushing defects, which can be a concern. The temperature distribution throughout the house, such as a high temperature in the attic space, can cause discomfort to the occupants. A double-skin system of room-side air gaps is considered to be an effective technique to handle these problems.

Development and testing of photovoltaic pavement for heat island mitigation

Τhe present article deals with the development and testing of photovoltaic pavement for heat island mitigation. The scope of this study is to evaluate its contribution to the balance of the Urban Heat Island phenomenon. For this reason, we made a photovoltaic pavement for purely experimental reasons (dimensions 3.5x1.3m) that consists of two different voltage polycrystalline photovoltaic panels. On top of them, a triplex security glass with a nonslip silk screen, PVB standard 1.14 mm was placed.

Low-Cost Thermoelectric Module Attic Ventilation

This paper investigates the performance of a new attic ventilation concept using low-cost thermoelectric (TE) modules. Incident solar radiation heats up roof tiles thus creating a temperature difference between tiles and attic. By making use of this temperature difference, laboratory made low-cost thermoelectric modules, assimilated as roof tiles, could produce an electric current to drive a fan for attic ventilation. First, a low-cost TE module consisting of 7 couples of N and P type Bi-Sb-Te materials was fabricated on a 2x2 cm2 aluminium substrate.