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Modeling of thermal environment and human response in a crowded space for tropical climate.

In a crowded building space with no air conditioning, heat and moisture emissions from occupants can result in heat stress in the indoor environment, which in turn, causes thermal strain on the human body. In the present paper, a 61-node thermoregulation model is coupled with a thermal environment model of ventilated space to simulate both the thermal conditions and occupant's responses. The coupling model is validated with experimental data at high occupant density in a thermal environmental chamber.

Modelling of occupants' subjective responses and indoor air quality in office buildings.

The results of indoor air quality surveys have showed that it was quite easy to fulfil the requirements of indoor climate standards and recommendations, even in office buildings where the workers experienced sick building symptoms, and complained that the reason for their symptoms was poor indoor air quality (1, 2). Many researchers consider that psychosocial factors may serve as moderators or mediators in the sick building syndrome process, either increasing or decreasing the vulnerability of the individual to environmental exposures (3, 4).

Effect of vertical air circulation on the thermal environment in a large space.

Large premises, such as airport tenninals or international conference centers, have high ceilings and large floor area. Most of passengers who use these facilities do not stay for a long time as they do in office blocks or residential housings, but occupy the buildings en masse for short periods of times.

A practical application of computer modelling to a building atrium.

Computer modelling is becoming an everyday tool for the building services engineer to ensure that a ventilation design will work early on in the development process. This paper describes this process in relation to Novartis' new office building in the UK. In this case, airflow modelling was used to fine-tune a conceptual idea for the atrium air conditioning. This influenced the solar shading incorporated into the architectural design and allowed engineers to optimise the volume of air used and the location of supply air terminals.

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