Instrumentation for Full-scale Wind Load measurement on glasshouses.

Describes apparatus used to measure full-scale wind loads on a glasshouse. Wind pressure was sensed by a Dines anemometer and the variation in wind velocity with height by a small pressure tube anemometer. Wind loads on the glasshouse were sensed by pressure tapping points connected in sequence to micromanometers. Describes apparatus for the recording and analysis of data. States apparatus has been used for two years and found to be reliable in operation.

An investigation of air infiltration characteristics and mechanisms for a townhouse.

Reports measurements of air infiltration and leakage using tracer gas and the pressurization technique in a three bedroom townhouse having a gas-fired forced-air furnace system. The measurements were made in order to quantify the amount of infiltration due to various mechanisms.

Studies and improvements to an air infiltration instrument.

Describes an instrument for the measurement of air infiltration into buildings. The instrument indicates the concentration of a tracer gas in the building, by sensing the thermal conductivity of the air-tracer gas mixture.< The instrument, a Katharometer, has not been extensively used because of inherent difficulties. This thesis examines the dificulties. An analysis of the theoretical basis of the instrument is made and the problems created by changes of relative humidity, pressure and temperature are discussed and solutions are suggested.

Development of a dynamic pressure anemometer for measuring the air leakage of buildings.

Describes a dynamic pressure anemometer which belongs to the group of pressure-tube anemometers (pitot-static tubes) and is intended for measurement of one velocity component in a three dimensional flow field at air velocities of 0.1 to 10 m/s. The usable flow direction is unlimited (0...360 deg.) in three dimensions. The maximum error in the indication of the velocity component is less than 5% (if the actual velocity is put at 100%).

Automatic measurements of air change rates (decay method) in a small residential building without any forced air-heating system.

Describes an automatic measurement system for air infiltration and discusses factors influencing the measurements in single rooms or in a group of connected rooms. The system works on the decay rate method and is controlled by a purpose-designed controller. The test data are evaluated off-line by computer. Discusses in detail the instrumentation and test procedure Gives results of measurements made in a detached house and correlations of the test data with wind and temperature difference data. Gives a comparison with pressurization data.

Air infiltration measurement techniques

Presents a survey of tracer gas techniques for measuring air infiltration and includes a theoretical derivation of the equations, a description of each method, and a short description of the experimental procedure. Derives a qualitative error analysis which concentrates on mixing problems and uses it to compare the strengths and weaknesses of each method.< Derives the theory of multi-chamber infiltration measurements in situations involving many interconnected spaces (network type models).

A prototype semi-automated system for measuring air infiltration in buildings using sulphur hexafluoride as a tracer.

Describes a system which automatically operates a small gas chromatograph and measures parts per billion concentrations of sulphur hexafluoride in air. It samples air on a 10-minute cycle and records the response on a strip chart recorder. When SF6 in distributed in the air of a building, data is obtained from which air infiltration rates may be determined.

Determination of the radon emanation from carbonate rocks and its potential hazard in building materials.

Gives details of a method for determining the amount of radon emanating from a carbonate rock specimen. Analysis was first made with rock in solid form. An essay was then made with the material containing radium in a clear acid solution.< Discusses the need for the analysis of building material causing any type of abnormally high background variation. Outlines laws covering the buildup and decay of radon.

Radon daughters in mine atmospheres - field method for determining concentrations.

Presents a new concept of describing the tolerance level of radon daughters. This concept is in terms of the alpha-energy dose resulting from the complete decay of the daughters. Describes a rapid field method for determining atmospheric concentrations of radon daughters in terms of Mev of alpha energy/liter. No attempt has been made to set a maximum allowable concentration for radon and/or its daughters. Should an M.A.C.

Detection of nanogram quantities of sulphur hexafluoride by electron capture methods.

Suggests use of an electron capture detector for the routine estimation of the SF6 content of a mixture of gases without preliminary chromatographic separation. Gives chromatogram illustrating method.