Twenty homes were tested and monitored in Houston, Texas, U.S.A. to evaluate humidity controlperformance and operating cost of six different integrated dehumidification and ventilation systems that could be applied by production homebuilders. Fourteen houses had one of the six integrated dehumidification and ventilation systems and also met a high standard of energy efficiency criteria.
Single- and double-section manufactured homes were instrumented in 2001-2003 to measure continuous energy usage and air infiltration with respect to the environmental conditions of a windy cold dry climate. The test site near Arlington, Wyoming, USA is ideal for testing the energy (and structural) performance of manufactured housing due to the naturally occurring high winds (in excess of 35 m/s annually) and temperature extremes (+35 to -35C). Tests included tracer gas monitoring, pressurized leakage tests, and infrared (IR) video scans.
States that zero and low wind speed occurrences are often overestimated in standard meteorological data for use by HVAC engineers because of the use of the robust, rotating cup anemometers. Therefore the data would be expected to underestimate wind-driven natural ventilation as well as pollution dispersal. A comparison of rotating cup and ultrasonic anemometers carried out for this study indicated that the former can indicate zero wind speed over many hours in the day when speeds up to 1.5 m/s can be present.
There is a wide choice of new technology to choose from when developing a new line of indoor climate measuring instruments. The paper describes the Dantec company's and the authors' vision for meeting the needs. The focus was primarily on the application. Efficiency has been chosen at the expense of versatility in the user interface. Also describes some indoor climate measuring examples.
Ventilation performances in existing buildings are not well known, in France. They are not often checked. This paper shows how a method for checking the performance of ventilation could be applied in France. Such a method, mainly based on visual inspections and simple measurements has already been used for years in Sweden. The Swedish method has been tested in France, in collaboration with a Swedish inspector, on different commercial buildings of different sizes and ages : two secondary schools, one primary school, one office building, one hotel and one bar.
The rotating vane anemometer is an instrument that is widely used in the field by maintenance engineers and inspectors. The anemometer consists of a vane that is held at right angles to an airflow. In modem instruments the speed of rotation of the vane is sensed and measured electronically and the air speed, which is a function of the speed of rotation of the vane, is indicated on a meter.