The application of CFD to large scale industrial premises.

This paper introduces a research programme investigating the application of CFD to large scale industrial premises. A number of modelling issues and two case studies are discussed. The research programme will lead to an increased degree of confidence of CFD simulation results in complicated environments.

Performance evaluation and design guidelines for displacement ventilation.

This paper evaluates the performance of traditional displacement ventilation systems for small offices, large offices with partitions, classrooms, and industrial workshops under U.S. thermal and flow boundary conditions, such as a high cooling load. With proper design, displacement ventilation can maintain a thermally comfortable environment that has a low air velocity, a small temperature difference between the head and foot level, and a low percentage of dissatisfied people.

A Scale Model Study on Contaminant Removal Effectiveness of Industrial Facility

Effective ventilation systems for a factory where various kinds of contaminant are discharged from many point sources are investigated in this study. Two ventilation systems are examined by scale model experiment using tracer gas. One system supplies fresh air and exhausts indoor air through the ceiling; the other has the inlet in the floor and outlet in the ceiling. Each system has a hanging wall installed at the ceiling, a device for immediate removal of the contaminant before it diffuses into the whole space.

Theoretical and Field Study of Air Change in Industrial Buildings

The air leakages can have a large impact on heating needs and thermal comfort in industrial buildings. This is sometimes poorly taken into account, both due to the lack of theoretical approach and knowledge of air tightness.

An Approach for Assessing Target Levels for Industrial Air Quality

This paper considers methodologies how desired level, target level, of industrial air quality can be defined taking into account a feasibility issue. The method is based on the health-based risk assessment and the technology-based approach. Because health-based risk estimates at low contaminant concentration regions are rather inaccurate, the technology-based approach is emphasized. The technological approach is based on information on the prevailing contaminant concentrations in industrial work environment and the benchmark air quality attained with the best achievable control technology.